|Submission Date||March 28, 2018|
University of California, Irvine
OP-19: Waste Minimization and Diversion
|5.01 / 8.00||
Solid Waste and Recycling Manager
Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
|Performance Year||Baseline Year|
|Materials recycled||2,887.10 Tons||4,783 Tons|
|Materials composted||4,025 Tons||2,700 Tons|
|Materials donated or re-sold||313 Tons||263 Tons|
|Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion||0 Tons||0 Tons|
|Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator||1,467.50 Tons||1,895 Tons|
|Total waste generated||8,692.60 Tons||9,641 Tons|
A brief description of the residual conversion facility, including affirmation that materials are sorted prior to conversion to recover recyclables and compostable materials:
Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
|Start Date||End Date|
|Performance Year||Jan. 1, 2017||Dec. 31, 2017|
|Baseline Year||Jan. 1, 2011||Dec. 31, 2011|
A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted (e.g. in sustainability plans and policies or in the context of other reporting obligations):
2011 is the year when the data collection for solid waste is most complete. It is also when current recycling programs /processes were implemented.
Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
|Performance Year||Baseline Year|
|Number of students resident on-site||8,986||7,605|
|Number of employees resident on-site||0||0|
|Number of other individuals resident on-site and/or staffed hospital beds||0||0|
|Total full-time equivalent student enrollment||33,093||25,970|
|Full-time equivalent of employees (staff + faculty)||8,050||7,362|
|Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education||2,107||1,129|
|Weighted campus users||31,523.50||26,053.50|
Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
|Performance Year||Baseline Year|
|Total waste generated per weighted campus user||0.28 Tons||0.37 Tons|
Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:
Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:
Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):
In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
|Yes or No|
|Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers||Yes|
|White goods (i.e. appliances)||Yes|
|Residence hall move-in/move-out waste||Yes|
|Other (please specify below)||Yes|
A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:
Carpet recycling is also included in our waste diversion. As part of our purchase agreement, carpet recycling is a requirement. The vendor must provide documentation demonstrating that any carpet removed is recycled. In 2017, 30.83 tons of carpet were recycled.
Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year (e.g. materials that are actively diverted from the landfill or incinerator and refurbished/repurposed) :
Does the institution use single stream recycling (a single container for commingled recyclables) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:
Does the institution use dual stream (two separate containers for recyclables, e.g. one for paper and another for plastic, glass, and metals) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:
Does the institution use multi-stream recycling (multiple containers that further separate different types of materials) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:
Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program (percentage, 0-100):
A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed, e.g. efforts to minimize contamination and/or monitor the discard rates of the materials recovery facilities and mills to which materials are diverted:
We have done waste audits at both the MSW and Commingled Recycling transfer stations to identify what items are getting into the wrong streams, we can target those items in our student and staff education. We have created signage with photos and educational videos as well as training materials to help make each sorting stream easy to understand. All of this educational material is available our websites and YouTube. We use standardized signs through out campus so they have color coded system but we also use different colored bin liners so our custodial team can deposited each stream in the correct bin. Blue clear for recycling, clear for food waste and gray clear for landfill. These bin liners help minimize sorting areas at the final stage to the exterior bins.
A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives, e.g. initiatives to shift individual attitudes and practices such as signage and competitions:
Our campus has participated in the RecycleMania Competition for the past 6 years to create a buzz about recycling on campus. We have been able to remain in the top 10, which is a source of pride for our students and staff. Our staff and student education has shifted from focusing on recycling to waste minimization through, reuse, resale, donation and reduce purchasing. In 2017 we saw the results of that shift in focus with the lowest amount of waste to landfill in the past 10 years.
When it comes to signage we have been using more infographics so that readers understand why reduce, reuse and recycling are important to our environment. Education is geared to create better understanding of why we promote sustainability "when we know better we do better".
A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:
Waste characterization studies as well as waste audits are performed at our campus & student housing buildings as part of our recycling program. This information is used to determine what items are still in the waste stream that could be diverted through recycling or composting, and the information is shared with the building staff to help educate them about how they can recycle more. The diversion rates are shared with our student housing residents each quarter so they can see how their housing unit stacks up to others; this creates a healthy completion among housing communities. Waste audits are also done as part of the LEED EBOM certification process. Waste characterizations are done at our transfer station to help us learn what items in our waste stream we need to highlight with our campus staff and students to either recycle or compost.
A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste (e.g. by minimizing packaging and purchasing in bulk):
UC Irvine adheres to the University of California's Sustainable Practices Policy, which strives for the elimination of all materials sent to the landfill by 2020: http://policy.ucop.edu/doc/3100155/Sustainable%20Practices
Following is language from the section on Environmentally Preferable Purchasing:
1. Environmentally preferable purchasing underlies and enables all other areas of sustainable practice in this Policy. Therefore, the University will maximize its procurement of environmentally preferable products and services.
2. The University will use its purchasing power to target environmentally preferable products and services for volume-discounted pricing to make them cost-competitive with conventional products and services.
3. For products and services without available environmentally preferable alternatives, the University will work with its existing and potential suppliers and leverage the University’s purchasing power and market presence to develop sustainable choices.
4. The University will integrate sustainability requirements into its practices for competitive bidding in materiel and services procurement, allowing for suppliers that meet these requirements to earn additional evaluation points.
5. Packaging for all products procured by the University should be designed, produced, and managed in an environmentally sustainable manner. The University shall seek products that have take-back programs, as appropriate.
6. When requested, suppliers citing environmentally preferable purchasing claims shall provide proper certification or detailed information on environmental claims, including benefits, durability, and take-back, reuse, and recyclable properties. Additionally, suppliers are responsible for providing proof of University of California-accepted third-party certification based upon the requirements of the University’s Procurement Services Department located in the Office of the President.
7. The goal of this section G shall be applied within the constraints of research needs and budgetary requirements and in compliance with applicable rules, regulations and laws.
In addition our UCI procurement department has changed the order that supplies are listed for purchase on our e-commerce site "UCI Buy." The items listed by most sustainable items first. Styrofoam products are either not available or at the bottom of the long list of available items.
A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:
UC Irvine maintains Peter’s Exchange, which facilitates the salvage of quality goods for re-use by other areas of the campus and the community. The campus diverts goods from the landfill and extends their useful life by finding new users for these products. E- Waste recycle is also handled at Peter's Exchange offering both reuse of computers and electronics as well as bulk recycling of e-waste items. When goods cannot be re-used, the campus looks to sell, donate or recycle these surplus items. For more information about Peter's Exchange see https://portal.uci.edu/uPortal/f/welcome/p/uci-marketplace-surplus.u20l1n205/max/render.uP
A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse (e.g. of electronics, furnishings, books and other goods):
The campus has 2 Facebook pages for peer-to-peer exchange and reuse: https://www.facebook.com/groups/293038857449668/about/ is for student/staff furniture for sale
"Free and For Sale UCI" https://www.facebook.com/groups/966853096688119/about/ facilitates the exchange and sale of all other items between students.
A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption (e.g. restricting free printing and/or mandating doubled-sided printing in libraries and computer labs):
The central campus pay-printing service limits printing by imposing a $0.10/page charge. This service is provided in UCI Libraries and centrally managed computing labs. Some schools and departments provide some printing to their students on specially located printers. All campus printers default printing preferences are set for double sided printing and our procurement sources 100% recycled printing paper.
A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials (e.g. course catalogs, course schedules, and directories) available online by default rather than printing them:
As of the 2011-2012 academic year, UC Irvine no longer publishes a printed catalogue. UC Irvine’s Schedule of Classes has been exclusively online since 2004. For more information, see http://www.reg.uci.edu.
A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:
UCI has an annual student move-out donation and recycle program each June. The 2017 Move-Out Donation Throwdown program was a two-week-long campaign to raise awareness that reuse is just as important as recycling. The housing and recycling team, in collaboration with Goodwill of Orange County, places collection carts inside all dorms and community centers for the six student housing communities ( 7,000 people), and these carts are emptied every other day. Additional recycle bins are placed outside the buildings and emptied daily to encourage recycling for things that cannot be donated. Each housing community posts an e-flyer on its website that describes the program and the locations for the collection carts and recycling bins. The Move Out donation event is advertised on campus electronic billboards and in the student newspaper, New University. The event is approached as a competition with the goal of exceeding the prior year’s donations. The Move Out Donation program has gained success every year. In 2010, the first program collected 67 tons, including furniture; the 2017 program resulted in 59.2 tons of clothing, household items, and electronics being donated to Goodwill of Orange County. Due to the popularity of the program each housing community (7 total) has a Goodwill donation box that is accessible for donations 24/7. This way we never miss an opportunity to donate for reuse.
Our move-in program starts before the students arrive on campus. Through the new student move-in program students are encouraged to reduce waste prior to coming on campus by reducing overpackaging prior to arrival. We also teach about campus recycle practices at this time. We have a sustainable student guide that is used as part of the new student training. It is sent via email to students as well as posted on the Resident Advisors' bulletin boards. http://www.fm.uci.edu/files/SustainableStudentHandguide.pdf
During move-in additional cardboard collection bins are placed in dorm areas for the collection of these used move in boxes to be recycled.
A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:
During our campus recycling presentations to students and staff, reduce and re-use is highlighted as preferable to recycling. Some of the ways we put that into action is through the use of the 150 hydration water bottle filling stations available on campus and in student housing to fill reusable bottles. Since 2010 the refillable water bottle filling stations have been credited with the reduction of disposable bottle sales by 30%. Each year these campus bottle filling stations provide more than 298,355 gallons of water, eliminating the use of 2.35 million disposable bottles (equal to 65 tons of plastic waste avoided). Another way the campus encourages waste minimization is by requesting that documents be printed only when necessary. In addition, campus copy machines are set to the default of double sided printing to reduce paper use and waste.
The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.