Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 55.86
Liaison Aldo Pierini
Submission Date Sept. 16, 2021

STARS v2.2

Villanova University
OP-9: Landscape Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 0.70 / 2.00
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total campus area:
265 Acres

Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
Area (double-counting is not allowed)
Area managed organically, without the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides 13 Acres
Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses selected chemicals only when needed 160 Acres
Area managed using conventional, chemical-based landscape management practices 92 Acres
Total area of managed grounds 265 Acres

A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds:
There are only two areas that are excluded from the managed grounds: the Santander Bank building and the building next to it. The Santander building measures 61,518 square feet and the other building measures 70,597 square feet. We don’t typically include the above area as part of campus since we don’t manage it.

Percentage of grounds managed organically:

A brief description of the organic landscape management program:
All areas of campus operating under organic practices do not use any inorganic fertilizers or chemical pesticides. Two meadows or fields mowed every other year used for campus research and programs. Most fertilizers are organic or organic based fertilizer on campus. An organic fertilizer is our first option when needed. Use of wood chips in place of mulch in certain places on campus. Wood chips are produced from fallen trees and tree branches on campus. Use of all natural mulch, no processed mulch or dyed mulch. All leaf material collected on campus is composted and used as mulch or as soil conditioner. Fungicides and herbicides are only used for emergency purposes.

Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:

A copy of the IPM plan or program:

A brief description of the IPM program:
Villanova uses IPM on grounds throughout campus. All areas of campus operating under IPM practices do not use any inorganic fertilizers or chemical pesticides. We work hard to limit watering to nighttime or early morning when temperatures are low and use fertilize when needed in spring and fall. 
Pesticides are only used as a last resort. We closely monitor for pests and use cultural practices when possible to help control the pests before they reach a threshold. Herbicides are used sparingly. Again, we use cultural practices to control weeds (e.g., hand weeding, weed whacking and mowing before weeds go to seed, mulching, and monitoring for weeds and invasive species).We also aerate and overseed lawns to help prevent weeds from occurring. In winter we also continue to remove invasive species from around the perimeter of campus, such as along fences, railroad tracks and meadows.

A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:
The grounds department mainly orders native plants for their projects on campus. When replacing plants, grounds prioritizes native plants over non-native and avoids using invasive plants. We strive to have at least a 2 to 1 ratio of trees planted for every tree removed.

A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:
Villanova's Grounds Maintenance department works very closely with Dr. Traver in the Civil Engineering department to provide the best and latest methods of maintaining the integrity of the natural hydrology of the campus. The Villanova campus is considered a model for this type of management, having over two dozen different actual sites including rain gardens, several porous paving installations, bio retention basins, underground infiltration beds, etc.

A brief description of the institution's approach to landscape materials management and waste minimization:
Villanova does not have written policies for the landscape materials management or waste minimization. However, Villanova has been committed to those practices for over 20+ years. The practices have evolved over the years to incorporate best practices as established by University research and industry experience. We compost all the leaves collected on campus, grass clippings, perennial cuttings, and dead plant material. Also, we chip brush and tree branches from campus. The wood chips are used throughout campus landscapes as a natural mulch.

A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:

A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution:

Website URL where information about the institution’s sustainable landscape management program is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:

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