Overall Rating Silver - expired
Overall Score 53.11
Liaison Cindy Shea
Submission Date Jan. 31, 2011
Executive Letter Download

STARS v1.0

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
OP-23: Stormwater Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.00 / 2.00 Sally Hoyt
Stormwater Systems Engineer
Energy Services
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Does the institution have a policy, plan, and/or strategies to reduce stormwater runoff from new development projects? :
Yes

Does the institution have a policy, plan, and/or strategies to reduce stormwater runoff from ongoing campus operations? :
Yes

A brief description of the institution's stormwater management initiatives:

UNC operates its own stormwater management program under a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Phase II permit.

The UNC stormwater staff conduct activities that meet the six minimum measures of the NPDES Phase II permit plus other activities that meet regulatory, infrastructure management, and sustainability goals. These programs cover the following areas: staff stormwater education and good practices, mapping, illicit discharge detection and elimination, public involvement, construction site erosion and sedimentation control, post-construction stormwater, stormwater system maintenance, stormwater system condition evaluations, and stormwater retrofitting.

New development and redevelopment projects must meet several stormwater regulations and policies that address water quality, stormwater runoff volume, and peak discharge. This includes reviews by the UNC Stormwater Engineer followed by the Town of Chapel Hill Stormwater Department and/or the State Division of Water Quality Stormwater Permitting Unit. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Stormwater Performance Criteria, Design Standards, and Procedures can be found here: http://www.energy.unc.edu/water-wastewater-and-storm-water-systems-documents/SW-Design-Guidelines.pdf

The UNC structural stormwater system is comprised of thousands of catch basins, inlets, and outfalls, miles of piping, and over 180 stormwater management practices. UNC property drains to Meeting of the Waters Creek, Battle Branch, Chapel Creek, Morgan Creek, Crow Branch, Booker Creek, Bolin Creek, and Little Creek. UNC is located within the Jordan Lake Watershed within the Cape Fear River Basin.


The website URL where information about the institution's stormwater management initiatives, plan or policy is available:
Does the institution have a living or vegetated roof?:
Yes

A brief description of the institution's living or vegetated roof:

Three buildings at UNC incorporate green roofs. The Rams Head Complex, the Nursing School addition, and the FedEx Global Education Center were each constructed on top of a former surface parking lot. So the impervious surface area at each site was actually reduced by constructing the building and incorporating a green roof.

Located within a short walk of 8,000 residential students and most campus classrooms, Rams Head Center is part of the new connective tissue bridging South Campus and Main Campus. The facility boasts a grocery store, dining hall, recreation center, intensive green roof, and two large rainwater cisterns all built around a 700- space parking garage.

Completed in 2005, the Nursing School addition was the first building in the UNC system to receive Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)certification from the U.S. Green Building Council. Its thin or extensive green roof captures rain water, reduces stormwater runoff, and provides attractive views from adjacent offices.

Opened in 2007, the FedEx Global Education Center features two extensive green roofs, which contain drought-tolerant sedum gardens. The roofs minimize stormwater runoff, reduce the urban heat island effect, and provide an attractive view from the adjacent outdoor terrace.

The stormwater from that falls on the Rams Head Plaza buildings and the Fedex Global Education Center is also collected in cisterns. At Rams Head, the overflow from the intensive green roof passes through a bioswale on its way to an infiltration bed that underlies a recreation field.


Does the institution have porous paving?:
Yes

A brief description of the institution's porous paving:

UNC has 12 porous pavement installations. Six installations occur at four park and ride parking lots that have infiltration/stone storage beds located beneath the pavement. These include: Estes Drive Extension parking lots (one permeable asphalt; one permeable concrete), the Park and Ride Lots next to the Friday Center on Highway 54 (one permeable asphalt; one permeable concrete), at the Hedrick building (permeable asphalt), and the Chatham County Park and Ride Lot (permeable asphalt). The NC Botanical Gardens Education Center (permeable interlocking concrete pavers) is a new highly visible site. Additional smaller parking installations have occurred at the McCauley Lot across from the Cheek-Clark Building (permeable asphalt), EPA Building (permeable asphalt), Baity Hill Residence Halls (permeable asphalt), and the Kenan/McIver Residence Halls (permeable asphalt).


Does the institution have retention ponds?:
Yes

A brief description of the institution's retention ponds:

UNC has 17 ponds and wetlands. These are primarily dry detention basins located off main campus or on the southern edge of campus. These are under consideration for retrofit as wetlands or wet ponds.

UNC also has 31 stormwater management practices that were designed for infiltration. Eight of these sites are also permeable pavement. The other sites are underground storage in conjunction with an underground stone bed designed for infiltration. While these are not ponds, they are considered "retention."


Does the institution have stone swales?:
Yes

A brief description of the institution's stone swales:

The University has many types of open channel conveyances, including stone swales. We do not inventory them as stormwater management.


Does the institution have vegetated swales?:
Yes

A brief description of the institution's vegetated swales:

The University has one installation that is a vegetated swale designed for stormwater treatment. During heavy rains, water fills the cistern and vegetated roof system at the Rams Head Plaza and overflows into a vegetated swale.

UNC also has six level spreaders, which are a form of vegetated conveyance. These spread water to promote sheet flow. Four level spreaders are located at the Baity Hill Residence Halls. One is located at the Francis Owen facility. One level spreader is located near the Giles Horney Building.

The University's open channel conveyances include many vegetated and grassed swales. If these were not specifically constructed as a stormwater treatment practice, we do not inventory them as stormwater management.


Does the institution employ any other technologies or strategies for stormwater management?:
Yes

A brief description of other technologies or strategies for stormwater management employed:

Structural Stormwater Management: UNC has over 180 stormwater management practices in use. In addition to the green roofs, permeable pavement, ponds and wetlands, infiltration beds, and vegetated swales described above, UNC has bioretention cells, cisterns, underground water quality improvement devices, and underground storage facilities.

Staff stormwater education and good practices: Stormwater staff from the UNC Department of Environment, Health, and Safety (EHS) conduct periodic training for 950 UNC staff whose actions on the job influence water quality. This includes staff from the following departments: Grounds, Athletics, Facilities Maintenance, Housekeeping, Energy Services, Public Safety, Construction Shops, and Housing Support. Prior to the training, less than 25% of pollution reports came from outside of EHS. After the first round of training, more than 65% of pollution reports come from outside of EHS.

Mapping: UNC Energy Services has mapped the structural system in GIS, including the stormwater treatment practices, storm drain pipes, inlets, manholes, outfalls, and roof drains.

The Grounds department has launched a preventive maintenance program to manage these stormwater facilities.


The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.