Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 60.89
Liaison Eva Rocke
Submission Date June 30, 2021

STARS v2.2

University of Montana
OP-18: Waste Minimization and Diversion

Status Score Responsible Party
3.40 / 8.00 Derek Kanwischer
Industrial Materials Coordinator
Office of Sustainability
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Materials recycled 268.80 Tons 159.69 Tons
Materials composted 68 Tons 0 Tons
Materials donated or re-sold 9 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator 1,250 Tons 1,967.78 Tons
Total waste generated 1,595.80 Tons 2,127.47 Tons

A brief description of the residual conversion facility:

not reporting


Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Period Jan. 1, 2019 Dec. 31, 2019
Baseline Period Jan. 1, 2005 Dec. 31, 2005

A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted:

Historically, 2005 data is used for our baseline year because the recycling program at UM started around that time and more effort was made to track and record materials numbers. We also began participating in RecycleMania shortly after, which required waste numbers that could also be used for internal tracking purposes.


Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of students resident on-site 2,418 2,744
Number of employees resident on-site 4 4
Number of other individuals resident on-site 0 0
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 10,487 11,698
Full-time equivalent of employees 2,778 1,772
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 1,144 184
Weighted campus users 9,696.25 10,651.50

Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total waste generated per weighted campus user 0.16 Tons 0.20 Tons

Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:
17.60

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:
21.67

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):
21.67

In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
Yes or No
Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers Yes
Food Yes
Cooking oil Yes
Plant materials Yes
Animal bedding Yes
White goods (i.e. appliances) Yes
Electronics Yes
Laboratory equipment Yes
Furniture Yes
Residence hall move-in/move-out waste Yes
Scrap metal Yes
Pallets Yes
Tires No
Other (please specify below) No

A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:
---

Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year:
---

Does the institution use single stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Does the institution use dual stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Does the institution use multi-stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
Yes

Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program:
14

A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed:

New signs have been created. New bins have been piloted in select buildings. All in the Hall strategies are being piloted for a variety of departments. Co-mingled recycling is screened at UM's compactor to remove contamination and sort aluminum cans into a separate stream.


A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives:

All in the Hall is being utilized in our largest academic building to encourage recycling and materials sorting among building occupants. The program is being run in coordination with new signage and increased education and outreach efforts to engage with building occupants and encourage participation in this program.

Campus Thrift is a springtime event wherein the sustainability offices and a large team of volunteers collect donated items as students move out of the residence halls. Items are sorted, organized, and sold at a large garage sale just after graduation. The event makes money for the sustainability offices and promotes reuse among students and community members. We sell 2/3 of the mini-fridges and microwaves in the fall to incoming students in the residence halls to prevent more small appliance purchasing and waste at the end of the year.


A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:

Periodically, UM Recycling and the sustainability offices audit recycling and landfilled materials from several residence halls and academic buildings to monitor contamination rates and identify better strategies for student education and outreach. We have seen lower contamination rates in the Residence Halls, but we have not yet performed a campus-wide waste audit that would provide sufficient data for campus-wide contamination rates.


A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste:

Bulk purchasing happens across campus for a variety of departments and programs to economize pricing and to reduce materials such as containers and packaging. For example, UM library print shop has stopped purchasing astrobright and colored papers that are no longer recycled on campus. Electronics purchasing is moving towards standardized issues that are EPEAT certified.


A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:

The University has a property surplus office that is responsible for inventory and exchange of materials such as office equipment, scientific equipment, furniture, bikes, and supplies.


A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse:

This program is currently housed within campus surplus and is not well utilized. Future initiatives will place this program in closer proximity to student government (physically and operationally) to more closely connect with students.


A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption:

Free printing is limited across campus. All computer labs charge students to print once a certain number of copies is reached. Duplex printing is standard in printing areas on campus.


A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials available online by default rather than printing them:

Course catalogs are only available on-line and schedule and directories are also available on-line. There are several methods used by faculty and the library to post course materials on-line, including widespread use of Moodle.


A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:

Recycling is picked up, nonstop, for four days during Move Out week and recycling trailers are located at every dorm. Furniture, electronics, and clothing are opportunistically reused. Campus Thrift (described above) collects donated items from students leaving the residence halls and sells the items as a fundraiser for the recycling program and sustainability office.


A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:
---

Website URL where information about the institution’s waste minimization and diversion efforts is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
---

Derek Kanwischer- UM Industrial Materials Coordinator
E-Mail- derek.kanwisher@mso.umt.edu
Phone- (406) 243-5796

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.