Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 77.34
Liaison Sally DeLeon
Submission Date Feb. 27, 2022

STARS v2.2

University of Maryland, College Park
OP-22: Rainwater Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.00 / 2.00 Scott Lupin
Associate Director
Environmental Safety, Sustainability and Risk
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Which of the following best describes the institution’s approach to rainwater management?:
Comprehensive policies, plans or guidelines that require LID practices for all new projects

A brief description of the institution’s green infrastructure and LID practices:
The campus has several stormwater management features that receive and treat stormwater generated from campus rooftops, roads, parking lots and other impervious areas. Within the main campus boundaries, Paint Branch, Campus Creek and Northwest Branch receive stormwater runoff. These tributaries are part of the Anacostia River watershed, a priority watershed for restoration within the broader watershed of the Chesapeake Bay.

There are more than 150 stormwater management facilities on campus that are regularly inspected and maintained. Improvements in dealing with stormwater can be seen in a variety of decentralized Low Impact Development (LID) projects, like those visible at the south east edge of the Comcast parking lots, which catch and filter contaminated runoff from these paved surfaces before the runoff reaches Campus Creek. Other areas on campus that serve to filter or catch storm water include a large retrofit bioretention pond behind the Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center and a sand filter on the south lawn of the University House. Also, several athletic fields are designed to mitigate stormwater runoff before it reaches the Paint Branch. At the eastern border of Lot 4i, the university partnered with the Maryland State Highway Administration to install a bioretention facility that treats uncontrolled runoff from the parking area before it reaches the Paint Branch. Throughout the campus new plantings and expansion of the riparian buffer are planned.

In 2019, UMD completed an extensive restoration of Campus Creek in partnership with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources. A second phase is now in design with construction expected in 2023. Campus Creek includes four LID projects within the stream buffer of the creek.

Nineteen green roofs are located on the College Park campus. These vegetated roof systems use plants to absorb and transpire rainwater, slowing or eliminating storm water runoff. Cisterns, which capture rainwater for use as needed to irrigate landscape plants, have been incorporated in several areas, including Washington Quad, Knight Hall and at the Community Learning Garden near the School of Public Health. The cisterns further reduce the movement of excess stormwater off campus.

A copy of the institution’s rainwater management policy, plan, and/or guidelines:
A brief description of the institution’s rainwater management policy, plan, and/or guidelines that supports the responses above:
Stormwater protection is addressed in compliance with three National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for the university:

-- Individual Industrial Permit (NPDES): this permit is specifically tailored to controlling the university's discharge of wastewater to surrounding surface waters via a separate storm drain system (State Discharge Permit Registration Number: 08-DP-2618)

-- Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) Phase II General Permit (NPDES): this permit specifically covers the discharge of stormwater run-off from land, pavement, building rooftops and construction sites on campus (General Discharge Permit No. 05-SF-5501)

-- 12-SW Permit (MDE): this permit regulates stormwater management on six specific campus locations.

The first permit requires the development and implementation of a Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan emphasizing stormwater best management practices associated with campus vehicle and water supply maintenance activities (see uploaded file). In accordance with the second permit, the University has developed compliant Best Management Practices and provides annual reporting to the Maryland Department of the Environment.

The University also complies with the State of Maryland Stormwater, Sediment and Erosion Control Permits that apply to construction and other significant disturbances of the land. Sediment and erosion control management is required for construction that disturbs more than 5,000 square feet of land and/or 100 cubic yards of excavation. The University requires the implementation of Environmental Site Design (ESD) to the maximum extent practicable (MEP) for new construction. Approved ESD techniques include rain gardens, bioretention, green roofs, permeable paving and cisterns. Management of stormwater practices is split between Facilities Management and the Department of Environmental Safety, Sustainability and Risk.

Website URL where information about the institution’s green infrastructure and LID practices is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:
Learn more about UMD’s stormwater regulation at: https://essr.umd.edu/environmental-affairs/stormwater-management

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