Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 77.34
Liaison Sally DeLeon
Submission Date Feb. 27, 2022

STARS v2.2

University of Maryland, College Park
OP-2: Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 5.68 / 8.00 Emily Hightower
Sustainability Coordinator
Environmental Safety, Sustainability, and Risk
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Gross Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions:
Performance year Baseline year
Gross Scope 1 GHG emissions from stationary combustion 103,197.33 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 128,274.19 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Gross Scope 1 GHG emissions from other sources 7,132.43 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 18,841.69 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Gross Scope 2 GHG emissions from imported electricity 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 78,028.50 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Gross Scope 2 GHG emissions from imported thermal energy 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Total 110,329.76 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 225,144.38 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent

Figures needed to determine net carbon sinks:
Performance year Baseline year
Third-party verified carbon offsets purchased 21,772 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Institution-catalyzed carbon offsets generated 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Carbon storage from on-site composting 680.93 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Carbon storage from non-additional sequestration 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent ---
Carbon sold or transferred 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent
Net carbon sinks 22,452.93 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 0 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent

A brief description of the carbon sinks, including vendor, project source, verification program and contract timeframes (as applicable):
The university purchases verified carbon offsets to make 100% of air travel for university business, athletics and education abroad carbon neutral (as of 2017); to offset undergraduate student commuting (as of 2018); and to implement the carbon neutral new development initiative (as of 2015). All offsets were third-party verified using Verra (formerly Verified Carbon Standard/VCS) standards or Climate Action Reserve (CAR) standards. Verified offsets were sourced through contracts with Native Energy and WGL. Projects include international wind farms, local methane capture at landfills in the Chesapeake Bay watershed, and other clean energy and water projects. WGL offsets are bundled with financial and volunteer support for tree planting projects throughout Maryland managed by the Chesapeake Bay Foundation. Carbon storage from on-site composting is done in partnership with Prince George's county and the final product is returned to the university for use on its farm and grounds.

UMD is also exploring opportunities to track and report on carbon sequestered by campus forest and above-ground biomass. This project is a partnership between research, academics, and operations at UMD.

The University has also significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions associated with purchased power. In addition to meeting the requirements of the State of Maryland’s Renewable Portfolio Standard, UMD has also committed to purchasing 100% of grid purchased electricity from renewable energy sources.

To meet RPS requirements in 2020, UMD used a combination of renewable energy credits (RECs) from Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) and the renewable energy market. All projects were verified to comply with the State of Maryland’s Renewable Portfolio Standard. Non-PPA RECs are from renewable energy projects that deliver electricity to the PJM region. The following RECs were retired to meet State of Maryland RPS requirements:
-- 2,898 RECs were retired from a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with a Constellation Energy solar farm at Mt. Saint Mary's University
-- 17,356 RECs were retired from a PPA with Edison Mission Energy's Pinnacle wind farm in West Virginia
-- 2,406 RECs were retired from a PPA with Elawan Energy's Roth Rock wind farm in Western Maryland
-- 23,232 RECs were procured through WGL Energy to meet additional Tier 1 and 2 requirements
-- 3,082 RECs were retired by WGL Energy from renewable energy projects in the region on UMD’s behalf

To meet voluntary commitments, UMD retired more than 120,000 National Green-e RECs in 2020.

Adjusted net Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions:
Performance year Baseline year
Adjusted net GHG emissions 87,876.83 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 225,144.38 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Performance year Baseline year
Start date Jan. 1, 2020 July 1, 2004
End date Dec. 31, 2020 June 30, 2005

A brief description of when and why the GHG emissions baseline was adopted:
The GHG emissions baseline was adopted in 2009 as part of UMD's first Climate Action Plan. FY 2005 was chosen because prior State of Maryland energy reduction requirements used FY 2005 as a baseline year.

Figures needed to determine “Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance year Baseline year
Number of students resident on-site 11,776 10,623
Number of employees resident on-site 0 0
Number of other individuals resident on-site 0 0
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 37,316 31,170
Full-time equivalent of employees 9,277.30 7,471
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 988 0
Weighted Campus Users 37,147.98 31,636.50

Adjusted net Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions per weighted campus user:
Performance year Baseline year
Adjusted net Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions per weighted campus user 2.37 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent 7.12 Metric tons of CO2 equivalent

Percentage reduction in adjusted net Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions per weighted campus user from baseline:
66.76

Gross floor area of building space, performance year:
15,326,492 Gross square feet

Floor area of energy intensive building space, performance year:
Floor area
Laboratory space 954,238 Square feet
Healthcare space 15,817 Square feet
Other energy intensive space 517,264 Square feet

EUI-adjusted floor area, performance year:
17,783,866 Gross square feet

Adjusted net Scope 1 and 2 GHG emissions per unit of EUI-adjusted floor area, performance year:
0.00 MtCO2e per square foot

A brief description of the institution’s GHG emissions reduction initiatives:
The University of Maryland has already achieved many of its original CAP goals. Notable accomplishments include:
-- Reducing the campus net carbon footprint 62% from 2005 to 2020 despite growing campus facilities by 15% during that period
-- Procuring 100% of its purchased electricity from renewable sources in 2020
-- Implementing several performance contracts, reducing energy consumption 20% or more in select buildings
-- Increasing the percentage of commuters who choose alternative transportation for daily commuting
-- Cutting emissions associated with solid waste by 99%
-- Creating a Sustainability Studies Minor - one of the largest minors at UMD
-- Educating more than 16,000 students in their first semester at UMD about sustainability challenges and opportunities

The University has also significantly reduced greenhouse gas emissions associated with purchased power. In addition to meeting the requirements of The State of Maryland’s Renewable Portfolio Standard, UMD has also committed to purchasing 100% of grid purchased electricity from renewable energy sources.

Website URL where information about the institution's GHG emissions is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
---

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:
Refrigerants inputs are included for the performance year in the uploaded greenhouse gas inventory but not for prior years. On the eCO2 summary tab, refrigerant emissions for prior years have been added to the scope 1 totals.

Scope 3 emissions reported as "Other categories" includes estimated GHG emissions from Study Abroad Air Travel.

Estimated emissions from Transmission and Distribution Losses from upstream electricity are included in Scope 3 emissions.

UMD's Climate Action Plan: https://sustainingprogress.umd.edu/progress-commitments/climate-action-plan

Refrigerants inputs are included for the performance year in the uploaded greenhouse gas inventory but not for prior years. On the eCO2 summary tab, refrigerant emissions for prior years have been added to the scope 1 totals.

Scope 3 emissions reported as "Other categories" includes estimated GHG emissions from Study Abroad Air Travel.

Estimated emissions from Transmission and Distribution Losses from upstream electricity are included in Scope 3 emissions.

UMD's Climate Action Plan: https://sustainingprogress.umd.edu/progress-commitments/climate-action-plan

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution or simply email your inquiry to stars@aashe.org.