|Submission Date||March 1, 2019|
University of Dayton
OP-9: Landscape Management
|1.27 / 2.00||
Associate Director of Grounds Maintenance and Operations
Total campus area (i.e. the total amount of land within the institutional boundary):
Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
|Area (double-counting is not allowed)|
|Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses a four-tiered approach||101 Acres|
|Area managed in accordance with an organic land care standard or sustainable landscape management program that has eliminated the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides in favor of ecologically preferable materials||59.50 Acres|
|Area managed using conventional landscape management practices (which may include some IPM principles or techniques)||12.50 Acres|
|Total area of managed grounds||173 Acres|
A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds (e.g. the footprint of buildings and impervious surfaces, experimental agricultural land, areas that are not regularly managed or maintained):
We are excluding buildings, impervious surfaces, artificial turf fields, and areas of open water.
Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:
A copy of the IPM plan or program:
A brief description of the IPM program:
Pest control issues are monitored directly by campus staff and in conjunction with regional Ohio Department of Agriculture. To prevent pest issues, certain plants are avoided and others are companion planted to maximize natural barriers to infestation. When pests are detected, treatment is only applied once the infestation threatens to significantly impact campus; most issues are allowed to resolve themselves. When application of a pesticide is necessary, our Grounds department gives preference to applications which minimize risk of exposure to the community. In some cases, direct soil injections are preferred over aerosol applications, for example. Our first priority is to avoid use of synthetic chemicals, and as such, natural pest management techniques are routinely examined for efficacy.
Setting action thresholds: action is taken when there is damage or distress to plants or structures. For turf areas the goal is to remain weed-free.
Monitor and identify pests: Grounds monitors areas for weed outbreaks or animal and insect pests on an ongoing basis. 14 staff members have a pesticide applicator licence and are able to identify problems in the field.
Prevent or remove conditions that attract pests: we keep the grounds clear of dead wood, excess thatch, grass, and leaves. Trash is removed promptly. In turf areas, we have worked to reduce chemical and fertilizer use as much as possible. Along with fertilizer we apply weed prevention twice a year. The purpose of this is to prevent the need to spray for weeds more regularly, which would result in a net increase in chemical use. Pre-emergent is added to landscaped beds for the same reason.
Control: When a pest is discovered, and it is determined that it is causing damage to plants, structures, etc., we evaluate the type of pest and the extent of the damage. We appropriately treat only the affected area, unless the pest is highly invasive, in which we might broaden the area of application. Typically it only takes one application to remove the pest.
Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an organic program:
A brief description of the organic land standard or landscape management program that has eliminated the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides in favor of ecologically preferable materials:
Management depends on the type of land in question. However, no inorganic fertilizers, chemical pesticides, fungicides or herbicides are used in these areas. We allow these areas to grow naturally with occasional mowing if necessary. Invasive species, like honeysuckle, are removed when necessary using non-chemical methods.
A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:
We make every attempt to use species native to Southwest Ohio where possible.
A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:
A brief description of the institution's approach to materials management and waste minimization (e.g. composting and/or mulching on-site waste):
Waste from grounds-keeping is mulched on site and reapplied on campus where possible.
A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:
A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution (e.g. use of environmentally preferable landscaping materials, initiatives to reduce the impacts of ice and snow removal, wildfire prevention):
Grounds is piloting a native plant project in order to determine the feasibility of restoring and caring for large plantings of native species. A group of students worked with Grounds in Fall 2017 to explore the potential of several of our organically-managed grounds to be restored to native habitat.
The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission: