Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 74.29
Liaison Brandon Trelstad
Submission Date Dec. 23, 2020

STARS v2.2

Oregon State University
OP-18: Waste Minimization and Diversion

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 4.90 / 8.00 Andrea Norris
Outreach Coordinator
Campus Recycling
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Materials recycled 689.36 Tons 607 Tons
Materials composted 345.15 Tons 196 Tons
Materials donated or re-sold 499.87 Tons 121 Tons
Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator 1,835.40 Tons 3,105 Tons
Total waste generated 3,369.78 Tons 4,029 Tons

A brief description of the residual conversion facility:
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Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Period July 1, 2019 June 30, 2020
Baseline Period July 1, 2004 June 30, 2005

A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted:
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Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of students resident on-site 4,791 3,253
Number of employees resident on-site 15 16
Number of other individuals resident on-site 0 0
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 27,120.10 17,977
Full-time equivalent of employees 5,775.60 4,581
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 5,871.30 556
Weighted campus users 21,469.80 17,318.75

Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total waste generated per weighted campus user 0.16 Tons 0.23 Tons

Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:
32.53

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:
45.53

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):
45.53

In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
Yes or No
Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers Yes
Food Yes
Cooking oil Yes
Plant materials Yes
Animal bedding No
White goods (i.e. appliances) Yes
Electronics Yes
Laboratory equipment Yes
Furniture Yes
Residence hall move-in/move-out waste Yes
Scrap metal Yes
Pallets Yes
Tires Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes

A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:

In addition to the commodities in the previous question, OSU also works to divert:
Batteries
Books
Electronic storage media (CDs, VHS, floppy disks, etc.)
Electronics
Film plastic
Ink/toner cartridges
Packing peanuts
Polystyrene (Styrofoam)
Fluorescent light bulbs and ballasts
Motor oil
Graduation gowns
Resale includes additional categories such as computers, shoes/clothing/housewares, office supplies, tools, sporting goods, vehicles and more (http://fa.oregonstate.edu/surplus)


Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year:
0 Tons

Does the institution use single stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Does the institution use dual stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
Yes

Does the institution use multi-stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program:
---

A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed:

A new education program for incoming students called "Recycling in Your Res Hall" was implemented with 39% completion (1,618 residents) of an online course. Res. hall signage indicating top accepted and unaccepted items is installed at the bin opening and wall above at every bin, and signage is checked and updated annually. Bottles and cans are sorted to remove redeemable containers; most contaminants are removed at this time. "No coffee cups" signs are on some but not all on-the-go recycling units. Our special event recycling program requires most event stations to be staffed.


A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives:

Waste Watchers
Campus Recycling operates a waste reduction-oriented volunteer club known as the Waste Watchers. Waste Watchers act as advocates for recycling and waste reduction by planning and hosting events and other forms of marketing to educate their peers.

Eco-Reps Recycle Right Program
Eco-Reps paid to promote sustainability in the residence halls in which they live conducted outreach aimed at reducing recycling contamination behavior via door-to-door conversations and bin checks and a sorting activity hosted at a both in dining centers.

New Residence Hall Training
A new education program for incoming students called "Recycling in Your Res Hall" was implemented with 39% completion (1,618 residents) of an online course. When completion rates were calculated for each hall and compared to Eco-Rep audits, a correlation was found in the data - the higher the training completion rate, the lower the contamination found in recycle bins in that hall.

Repair Fairs
Each term, the Waste Watchers hold Repair Fairs to foster a culture of repair and reuse over consumerism. The event allows students, staff, faculty, and members of the public to bring damaged items to receive free repairs. Repairs are given by volunteers - who teach attendees how to make future repairs, as well as fix the item - and cover a variety of categories: clothing, appliances, electronics, housewares, computers, and sometimes more.

RecycleMania
OSU is a long-time participant in the national RecycleMania recycling contest. OSU and University of Oregon utilize a socially instilled rivalry to host a localized recycling competition between the two universities during the national competition, in order to further promote recycling. During this timeframe, the results of the local competition and the how-to's of recycling are promoted in a variety of ways.

Master Recycler Class
Campus Recycling partners with Republic Services to coordinate a Master Recycler program for Linn and Benton counties in Oregon. This 8-week course educates community members about all aspects of waste reduction and is offered for free to anyone willing to volunteer for 30 hours after completion of the course. The Master Recyclers volunteer at OSU and in the community to educate others about waste reduction.

Other Outreach
Campus Recycling employs one full-time staff and two-to-four part-time student staff to work on outreach and the development of new programs, much of which focuses on behavior change. Outreach for recycling and composting occurs via educational events (RecycleMania, Beyond Earth Day, etc.), tabling at events, public presentations and workshops, collaborative partnerships, social media, etc.


A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:

The use of campus wide waste and recycling audit data was used to restructure recycling collection at residence halls. There was no campus wide audit conducted in this performance year. A new biannual audit of the weight of trash collected will be implemented by OSU’s waste hauler, Republic Services. This data will provide a more accurate assessment of OSU’s overall waste generation.

Also in this performance year, residence hall Eco-Representatives (paid student employees who promote sustainable behavior in their halls), conducted spot audits on the recycle bins in their hall near the beginning of the year and utilized this info to conduct outreach aimed at reducing contamination.


A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste:

Section 307 of OSU's Procurement and Contract Services Manual addresses sustainable purchasing. Sections 307-001 and 307-002 relate to waste:

307-001: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle and Recover
OSU will use sustainable purchasing by applying the methodology of “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, and Recover.” Whenever practicable, attention should be given to the environment through the evaluation of this methodology along with performance, life expectancy, quality, and value for money.

307-002: Environmentally Preferable Purchasing Policies
When purchasing goods and services, Oregon State University will strive to balance short and long-term costs, maintenance, life cycle, and costs to the environment. Oregon State University is committed to identifying goods and services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing goods and services that serve the same purpose. This comparison may consider raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance, and disposal of the product. Oregon State University is also committed to identifying companies that utilize environmentally preferable products and services. Companies that are able to supply environmentally preferable products and services (especially post-consumer recycled materials) that meet performance requirements will be encouraged to offer them in bids and proposals.

Source: https://fa.oregonstate.edu/pacs-manual/300-purchasing/307-sustainability


A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:

All property no longer needed by an OSU department is REQUIRED by OSU policy to be sent to Surplus Property for proper disposition.

Surplus Property's mission is to recycle or transfer excess or surplus property back to OSU departments, state and local governments, and qualified nonprofit organizations within the State of Oregon. Surplus property not sold to departments are offered for sale to the general public. Most items are offered through OSUsed Store sales and online auction sites. Some items may be offered through sealed bids or contract bids. The OSUsed Store hosts sales open to the public twice per week.

All office supplies and housewares that are $5 or less are offered to OSU departments free of charge, allowing OSU to offer office supplies for reuse within the university, without the need to facilitate a separate office supplies exchange program. Binders are offered free for all.

In the performance year, a new program was piloted in which office supplies and other items received through the Surplus Property program that were relevant to students were set aside and stored. Then these materials were set out for free pick-up by students at a special event hosted at the campus Human Services Resource Center (the basic needs center for campus).


A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse:

As noted in another section, at the Surplus Property store, all office supplies and housewares that are $5 or less are offered to OSU departments free of charge, allowing OSU to offer office supplies for reuse within the university without the need to facilitate a separate office supplies exchange program. Surplus also has a process to transfer property directly between departments at the university.

An Adopt-a-Bottle program recirculates reusable bottles to students by periodically collecting unclaimed bottles and mugs from Lost & Found and giving them away at a couple stands on campus.

The Human Resources Services Center provides a textbook lending library with hundreds of books available as well as 120 graphing calculators. As mentioned in the previous question, Surplus Property sets aside relevant school supplies and distributes them at this center at a special event.

A program called Grads Give Back collects gowns right after the Commencement ceremony as well as at the Memorial Union throughout the year. In the spring, gowns are redistributed for free to students, with communications about the giveaway targeting students who would not otherwise be able to afford participating in Commencement. In the performance year, gowns were collected but not distributed, as the university did not host a Commencement ceremony during COVID-19.


A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption:

Oregon State University does not offer free printing to students. All student computing facilities and the OSU Valley Library charge on a per page basis for printing using a print tracking system called BeaverPrint. Students can release their print job at any printer by swiping their ID card, and the print job(s) is charged to their account.

Double-sided printing is not required, but is incentivized through reduced costs, as is black-and-white printing.

Pricing:
Black & White Single-Sided $0.07/sheet
Black & White Double-Sided $0.09/sheet
Color Single-Sided $0.25/sheet
Color Double-Sided $0.40/sheet

Source: https://is.oregonstate.edu/service/beaverprint


A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials available online by default rather than printing them:

A small number of registration information handbooks are available to students who visit the Office of the Registrar, but course catalogs and schedules are only offered online (and not in print) at catalog.oregonstate.edu.


A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:

In 2007 a campus wide initiative to reduce move-in and move-out waste was started. Campus Recycling, Surplus Property, and University Housing and Dining Services (UHDS) join together in a coordinated effort to reduce move-in and move-out waste.

Residents receive 1-2 small recycle bins in their rooms upon move-in. Campus Recycling adds expanded polystyrene (a.k.a. Styrofoam) collection on move-in day and increases the service rate of cardboard. Furthermore, UHDS encourages students and parents to unwrap and unbox their belongings and leave the packaging at home rather than bringing on move-in day.

The annual Res. Hall Move-Out Donation Drive normally runs May through June. Marketing begins approximately one month in advance of move-out week. Residents receive announcements about how the move-out process works. Labeled donation bins are located in every res. hall lobby, along with the recycling unit starting week 9 of the term. In this performance year, due to COVID-19, donation carts were put out at the start of the term and remained the whole term.

While a portion of the donations go to the OSUsed Store to recoup costs from the donation drive, the majority goes to local nonprofits. In 2020, a total of 3,763 pounds were donated.


A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:

Repair Fairs
Each term, the Waste Watchers hold Repair Fairs to foster a culture of repair and reuse over consumerism. The event allows students, staff, faculty, and members of the public to bring damaged items to receive free repairs. Repairs are given by volunteers - who teach attendees how to make future repairs, as well as fix the item - and cover a variety of categories: clothing, appliances, electronics, housewares, computers, and sometimes more.

Surplus Property
Our surplus program is well-established in our state, and we sell used items to departments, agencies, non-profits and the general public (the latter of which we sell to at our twice weekly public sales). This program accounts for a substantial amount of materials diverted from the landfill. Surplus also disassembles and recycles products that cannot be resold, landfilling only the items that are neither resellable nor recyclable.

Grads Give Back
A program called Grads Give Back collects gowns right after the Commencement ceremony as well as at the Memorial Union throughout the year. In the spring, gowns are redistributed for free to students, with communications about the giveaway targeting students who would not otherwise be able to afford participating in Commencement. In the performance year, gowns were collected but not distributed, as the university did not host a Commencement ceremony during COVID-19.


Website URL where information about the institution’s waste minimization and diversion efforts is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
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The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.