Overall Rating Expired
Overall Score Expired
Liaison Jack Byrne
Submission Date May 1, 2014
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.0

Middlebury College
OP-1: Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete Expired Jack Byrne
Director of Sustainability Integration
Environmental Affair
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Does the institution's GHG emissions inventory include all Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions?:
Yes

Does the institution's GHG emissions inventory include all Scope 3 GHG emissions from any of the following categories?:
Yes or No
Business travel Yes
Commuting No
Purchased goods and services No
Capital goods No
Fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2 Yes
Waste generated in operations Yes

Does the institution's GHG emissions inventory include Scope 3 emissions from other categories?:
No

A brief description of the methodology and/or tool used to complete the GHG emissions inventory:

Middlebury's GHG inventory was developed by it's Office of Sustainability Integration and student summer interns in 2007. After extensive research about the various options available (e.g., the Clean Air Cool Planet GHG calculator) we concluded that a custom GHG spreadsheet/workbook would be most suitable. It is based primarily on the WRI ghg protocol and the EPA Climate Leaders guidance and emissions factors.


Has the GHG emissions inventory been validated internally by personnel who are independent of the GHG accounting and reporting process and/or verified by an independent, external third party?:
Yes

A brief description of the internal and/or external verification process:

The GHG is prepared annually by the Office of Sustainability Integration using data from various sources within the College, primarily Facilities and the Budget Office as well as data from our utility companies (electric and solid waste). The scope 1 emissions data and results are then reviewed and ok'd (or modified if needed) by the Director of Facilities. The scope 2 data comes directly from the utility accounting office after they produce their annual fuel mix report which is independently audited. Scope 3 data for solid waste comes from our Materials Recovery Facility which tracks recycling and waste on a monthly basis. This data is not verified internally but is externally by the recycling service that receives our recyclables (66% of total waste typically). The amount of landfill waste is derived from the internal data and is not independently verified by the receiving landfills since it is not tracked separately.


Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions::
Performance Year Baseline Year
Scope 1 GHG emissions from stationary combustion 8996 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 26592 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Scope 1 GHG emissions from other sources 370 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 366 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Scope 2 GHG emissions from purchased electricity 864 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 635 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Scope 2 GHG emissions from other sources 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Figures needed to determine total carbon offsets::
Performance Year Baseline Year
Institution-catalyzed carbon offsets generated 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 10.56 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Carbon sequestration due to land that the institution manages specifically for sequestration 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Carbon storage from on-site composting 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Third-party verified carbon offsets purchased 550 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent 865 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

A brief description of the institution-catalyzed carbon offsets program:

none


A brief description of the carbon sequestration program and reporting protocol used:

none


A brief description of the composting and carbon storage program:

none


A brief description of the purchased carbon offsets, including third party verifier(s) and contract timeframes:

We purchase carbon offsets from Native Energy (Vermont) equal to the estimated emissions from our Snow Bowl ski area. The estimate includes all carbon emissions from the operation of the Snow Bow plus an estimate of the seasonal emissions from vehicles used by the skiers who come to the Snow Bowl.


Figures needed to determine “Weighted Campus Users”::
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of residential students 3006 2718
Number of residential employees 0 0
Number of in-patient hospital beds 0 0
Full-time equivalent enrollment 3006 2718
Full-time equivalent of employees 1321 1186
Full-time equivalent of distance education students 0 0

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Year July 1, 2013 June 30, 2013
Baseline Year July 1, 2006 June 30, 2007

A brief description of when and why the GHG emissions baseline was adopted:

2007 was the year we adopted our goal of carbon neutrality by 2016.


Gross floor area of building space, performance year:
2366886 Square Feet

Floor area of energy intensive building space, performance year:
Floor Area
Laboratory space 220000 Square Feet
Healthcare space 0 Square Feet
Other energy intensive space 0 Square Feet

Scope 3 GHG emissions, performance year::
Emissions
Business travel 4426 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Commuting 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Purchased goods and services 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Capital goods 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Waste generated in operations 153 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Other categories (please specify below) 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

A brief description of the sources included in Scope 3 GHG emissions from "other categories":

none


A copy of the most recent GHG emissions inventory:
---

The website URL where the GHG emissions inventory is posted:
A brief description of the institution’s GHG emissions reduction initiatives, including efforts made during the previous three years:

Middlebury is on track to meet its goal of carbon neutrality by 2016, according to an update issued by the College's Office of Sustainability Integration. The reduction is largely due to the College's biomass gasification plant, which came online in 2009, and numerous energy efficiency projects.

A new biomethane initiative will provide the next major cut in carbon emissions — potentially by as much as 40%. That project will supply biomethane fuel generated from Addison County dairy farms to displace the remaining oil still used in the College's heating and cooling plant. It is estimated to come online for commissioning in late 2014/early 2015.

The report also touches on a few other initiatives underway to reduce carbon emissions on campus.

- See more at: http://www.middlebury.edu/newsroom/node/469210#sthash.WwJwSpZz.dpuf


We are in the process of reviewing the methodology for our business travel emissions and it is possible those numbers will change if a more accurate method is developed.

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.