Overall Rating Bronze - expired
Overall Score 33.15
Liaison Mark Kirkpatrick
Submission Date July 23, 2015
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.0

Loyalist College
OP-8: Building Energy Consumption

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.16 / 6.00 Becky MacWhirter
Sustainability Coordinator
Facilities Services
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total building energy consumption, all sources (transportation fuels excluded):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total building energy consumption 52,195.17 MMBtu 52,650.66 MMBtu

Purchased electricity and steam:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Grid-purchased electricity 23,680.49 MMBtu 24,651.85 MMBtu
District steam/hot water 0 MMBtu 0 MMBtu

Gross floor area of building space::
Performance Year Baseline Year
Gross floor area 786,626 Gross Square Feet 786,626 Gross Square Feet

Floor area of energy intensive space, performance year::
Floor Area
Laboratory space 133,067 Square Feet
Healthcare space 0 Square Feet
Other energy intensive space

Degree days, performance year (base 65 °F)::
Degree days (see help icon above)
Heating degree days 4,214
Cooling degree days 300

Source-site ratios::
Source-Site Ratio (see help icon above)
Grid-purchased electricity 2.05
District steam/hot water 1.20

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or 3-year periods)::
Start Date End Date
Performance Year Jan. 1, 2014 Dec. 31, 2014
Baseline Year Jan. 1, 2013 Dec. 31, 2013

A brief description of when and why the building energy consumption baseline was adopted:

2013 was chosen as the energy consumption baseline because it reflects the first year using a new reporting methodology for energy consumption and is data submitted to the Ministry of Energy. Using this baseline allows benchmarking against other similar institutions.

A brief description of any building temperature standards employed by the institution:

Loyalist conforms to the ASHREA standard for building temperature and has made a decision to keep buildings on the Wallbridge-Loyalist campus at 25-26°C instead of 20-21°C to reduce energy consumption during the summer months. In spring and fall, the College manages the boilers to run on reduced fire. Occupancy schedules are used within the building automation system to regulate temperatures on the Wallbridge-Loyalist campus. Variable speed drives have been set to run at lower speeds during times of low occupancy and start times for fans are delayed until there is occupancy.

A brief description of any light emitting diode (LED) lighting employed by the institution:

LED lighting retrofits have been completed for the Wilkinson Lecture Theatre, library, dining hall, Student Centre, emergency lights, and in select change rooms, hallways and exterior light fixtures. The Facilities Services department follows a policy to replace any burnt light bulb with LED where fixtures allow.

A brief description of any occupancy and/or vacancy sensors employed by the institution:

Various classrooms and washrooms have had occupancy sensors installed.

A brief description of any passive solar heating employed by the institution:


A brief description of any ground-source heat pumps employed by the institution:


A brief description of any cogeneration technologies employed by the institution:


A brief description of any building recommissioning or retrofit program employed by the institution:

A brief description of any energy metering and management systems employed by the institution:

Loyalist is equipped with utility sub-meters for electricity, natural gas, and water.

A brief description of the institution's program to replace energy-consuming appliances, equipment and systems with high efficiency alternatives:

A brief description of any energy-efficient landscape design initiatives employed by the institution:

A brief description of any vending machine sensors, lightless machines, or LED-lit machines employed by the institution:

New vending machines installed on campus are lit with LED bulbs

A brief description of other energy conservation and efficiency initiatives employed by the institution:

Recent and ongoing projects include the installation of building automation controls, hot water tank conversions, roofing upgrades, removal of redundant laser printers, and extensive lighting retrofits across campus. In July 2014, the College completed an Energy Conservation & Demand Management plan to guide our efforts over the next 5 years. It establishes goals and objectives for conserving and otherwise reducing energy consumption. The action items outlined in the Plan will help us:
• Better understand the College’s current energy footprint;
• Educate the campus community (students, staff and faculty) about the role they play and seek their involvement and ideas;
• Develop energy-related strategies, policies and procedures; and
• Plan for energy cost containment.

The website URL where information about the institution’s energy conservation and efficiency initiatives is available:

The gross floor area of building space reported for this credit may differ from the gross floor area reported for other STARS credits due to the following:

As per Ministry guidelines, the gross floor area reported excludes space that is not owned by the College and for space for which we do not pay utilities. Therefore, a number of buildings are not included in the calculation of gross square footage (i.e. Campus Living Centres, the Sports Dome and Certification Services).

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.