Overall Rating Gold - expired
Overall Score 72.14
Liaison Kelsey Beal
Submission Date March 2, 2018
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.1

Indiana University Bloomington
OP-19: Waste Minimization and Diversion

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.68 / 8.00 Erica Steinfeldt
Capital Planning and Facilities
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Materials recycled 1,854.74 Tons 1,753.27 Tons
Materials composted 258.17 Tons 221.27 Tons
Materials donated or re-sold 485.62 Tons 507.63 Tons
Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator 5,861.07 Tons 6,541.58 Tons
Total waste generated 8,459.60 Tons 9,023.75 Tons

A brief description of the residual conversion facility, including affirmation that materials are sorted prior to conversion to recover recyclables and compostable materials:

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Year Jan. 1, 2017 Dec. 31, 2017
Baseline Year July 1, 2015 June 30, 2016

A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted (e.g. in sustainability plans and policies or in the context of other reporting obligations):

In recent years, IU has significantly improved it's waste tracking methodology. We believe FY 16 is our most accurate baseline year, rather than 2009 as previously reported, and as used in other categories.

Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of students resident on-site 12,222 10,413
Number of employees resident on-site 10 250
Number of other individuals resident on-site and/or staffed hospital beds 190 190
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 38,219 37,750
Full-time equivalent of employees (staff + faculty) 8,715 8,619
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 4,560 3,564
Weighted campus users 35,028.50 34,959.50

Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total waste generated per weighted campus user 0.24 Tons 0.26 Tons

Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):

In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
Yes or No
Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers Yes
Food Yes
Cooking oil Yes
Plant materials Yes
Animal bedding No
White goods (i.e. appliances) Yes
Laboratory equipment Yes
Furniture Yes
Residence hall move-in/move-out waste Yes
Scrap metal Yes
Pallets Yes
Tires Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes

A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:

E-waste, batteries and automotive batteries, anti-freeze, and refrigerant CFCs are recycled, though not included in these figures (reflected in Hazardous Waste category).

Yard waste, all pre-consumer food in IMU and RPS, and some post-consumer food in RPS is composted.

All manner of materials are re-sold through the IU Surplus Store or on Gov Deals, including furniture, sports equipment, and others.

Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year (e.g. materials that are actively diverted from the landfill or incinerator and refurbished/repurposed) :

Does the institution use single stream recycling (a single container for commingled recyclables) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Does the institution use dual stream (two separate containers for recyclables, e.g. one for paper and another for plastic, glass, and metals) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Does the institution use multi-stream recycling (multiple containers that further separate different types of materials) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program (percentage, 0-100):

A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed, e.g. efforts to minimize contamination and/or monitor the discard rates of the materials recovery facilities and mills to which materials are diverted:

A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives, e.g. initiatives to shift individual attitudes and practices such as signage and competitions:

A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:

Two formal waste audits were completed during the 2012-2013 academic year. Both involved students in service-learning courses; from a Collins Living-Learning Center course taught by Anthropology graduate student, Sara Minard, ten students analyzed classroom litter patterns in some of the largest and most heavily-used classrooms on campus; and from an undergraduate biology course (HUBI B300) taught by Professor Heather Reynolds, three students designed, conducted, and completed an audit of Assembly Hall waste receptacles after a basketball game.

During the 2014-2015 academic year, further waste audits were conducted by part-time student employees, with the help of volunteers, in Ballantine Hall, the School of Public Health, the School of Education, and the Psychology building. The audits were conducted before and after the "No Bin Left Behind" (recycling and trash bin co-location) program had been implemented in buildings. The analysis showed that the No Bin Left Behind program was effective in decreasing the contamination rate in waste and recycling streams. The audits also identified the coffee cups as a main contaminant in the recycling stream; meanwhile, plastic bottles and coffee lids and sleeves were the main items trashed which could have been recycled.

A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste (e.g. by minimizing packaging and purchasing in bulk):

A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:

The policy of Indiana University is to make maximum use of furniture, equipment, and other such property. The Purchasing Department will attempt to redistribute items within the university based on equitable criteria. Any items no longer required by a department or division will be transferred to Surplus Stores for resale.

The major objectives of Surplus Stores are to: redistribute assets within the university, relieve the university of unusable assets, and to reduce landfill refuse. Given these policies and guidelines, Surplus Stores is empowered to offer items for sale to the general public once it is determined that no need for that item exists within the university. Some items that are sent to Surplus Stores are clearly ones that may be needed within the university. Therefore, an area is set aside and designated for university department purchases only. However, the vast majority of items located at Surplus Stores are available for purchase by the general public.

In 2015, the Surplus Store launched their "smalls" campaign and now accepts file folders, binders, markers, and other office supplies for resale as well, in addition to furniture and electronic equipment.

A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse (e.g. of electronics, furnishings, books and other goods):

A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption (e.g. restricting free printing and/or mandating doubled-sided printing in libraries and computer labs):

The University Information Technology Services (UITS) printing allotment allows users to print in Student Technology Centers and Residential Technology Centers if you have a UITS printing account. Allotments vary according to university status:
-Undergraduate students: 650 pages per semester
-Graduate and professional students: 1,000 pages per semester
-Student organizations: 400 pages per semester
-Faculty: 200 pages per semester

Students and faculty automatically receive these allotments each semester. These allotments are designed so 85% of students will not incur any additional printing expenses. Student organizations must have a faculty or staff sponsor to be eligible for a printing allotment.

If undergraduate, graduate or professional students exceed their print allotment, they will be charged four cents ($0.04) per page. At the end of each semester, student printing totals are tabulated and over quota printing fees are added to the students' bursar bill.

Print Less Go Green Campaign
Printing is and will always be a part of the university experience. The Print Less Go Green campaign was established to provide information to students regarding ways to reduce printing, while maintaining full access to printing services.

From the Print Less Go Green Campaign website:
"The Student Technology Centers (STC's) are committed to finding more sustainable ways to provide you with printing on campus. The following are a few of the ways we are doing this:

*Improved Wireless Access: UITS continues to improve the speed and availability of its wireless network. Rather than carrying paper documents with you, bring your laptop to campus and have electronic access to all of your course materials.

*Improved Printer Accessibility: UITS has introduced printers in more convenient locations, so there is no need to print materials you might need later; there is always a printer nearby so you can print just the pages that you need to print. This also lessens the need for individuals in residence halls to own personal printers, which use large amounts of energy even in their idle state.

*Adobe agreement: In 2008, UITS entered into an agreement with Adobe Systems to make available to all students, faculty, and staff, the most popular Adobe software. Adobe Acrobat permits users to mark-up course materials which are downloaded from on-line resources and stored on the user computer or thumb drive. By using Adobe Acrobat, users can avoid printing these material altogether. For more information about the Adobe agreement with IU, please see http://kb.iu.edu/data/axuq.html.

*Print Release Stations: In many locations (and more to come) UITS has introduced print release stations as a way to increase student productivity. Print release stations permit the user to avoid printing output:
-sent to the printer by mistake
-reprinted by mistake
-which is longer than expected
-when the printer is malfunctioning
-when the line at the printer is too long to wait

The number of forgotten or duplicate jobs has decreased so much that recycled paper bins which used to require emptying on a daily basis now only must be emptied weekly. We estimate a 10-25% reduction in paper waste as a result of print release stations!
See http://kb.iu.edu/data/atsj.html for more information about print release stations and how to use them.

*Duplex Capability: Duplex printing (two-sided output) reduces paper usage as well as solid waste. Duplex printing is available in all UITS Student Technology Centers (STCs) at IUB and IUPUI, and in all Residential Technology Centers (RTCs) at IUB. See http://kb.iu.edu/data/akez.html to learn more.

*Remanufactured Toners: Printing uses more than just paper. The number of toners required to produce the crisp, clean printouts we have at IU is also reduced when we cut back on our printing. The STCs have been using remanufactured toners for many years. Benefits of using remanufactured toners over new toners include:
-38,000 tons of waste are kept out of municipal landfills per year on average
-New toners require 3 quarts of oil for their production. Remanufactured toners do not require oil for their production.
-Our toner remanufacture even reuses the boxes, reducing cardboard waste
-Purchasing remanufactured toners typically costs 30% to 50% less than new toners. Over the life of the average printer in the STCs this amounts to over $3500 in savings per machine.

*Recycled content paper: UITS is currently piloting a project to better understand the impacts of using recycled-content paper in the STCs. By exploring maintenance and cost differences we can better understand if this is feasible on a larger scale in the STCs. In the spring of 2010 the STC located in the Union will serve as a test to evaluate this. We are always looking for ways to ensure reliable and affordable printing services while improving our environmental impact.

*Duplex Printing Testing: UITS will pilot a project to better understand the impacts of setting our printers to duplex (print two sided) by default. This change has the potential to save millions of sheets of paper every year. However, we will explore how such changes affect student habits and our own maintenance patterns to ensure that we continue to meet student needs well.

STC's offer 14 tips to help reduce printing:
Tip # 1: Reading eReserves online: Reading eReserves online: Unless directed otherwise by your instructor, consider reading eReserves online. For portability, you can also download them to your laptop. Some materials are even suitable for reading on your PDA. Sometimes professors prefer that you bring printed eReserves to class for collaborative study. If you are not sure, ask your professor.

Tip # 2: Use electronic storage: If you need to take it with you, save your document or file to My Workspace in Oncourse CL, store it on a USB flash drive, or burn it to a CD or DVD. You can also email documents to yourself as attachments and save them to your personal computer when you get home. For more about file storage options, see http://kb.iu.edu/data/ajay.html.

Tip # 3: Consider printing double sided or two-up: To conserve paper, toner, and other printing resources (while stretching your IUB printing allotment or IUPUI Jagtag dollars), consider printing double-sided or 2-up (two pages per sheet). For instructions, see: http://kb.iu.edu/data/aprm.html

Tip # 4: Submit assignments electronically: Ask your instructors to accept your assignments electronically (e.g., via Oncourse CL, FTP, or email). Many instructors will.

Tip # 5: View document properties: Before printing a document, use print preview to verify that the page count and formatting is correct. This prevents printing blank or unwanted pages.

Tip # 6: Copy documents to your PDA: If you need to have your documents and eReserves available to you when you can not access the Internet, copy these documents to your PDA or laptop.

Tip # 7: Avoid printing email and web pages: Read email and web pages online. If you need to keep a copy, save it to some form of removable storage media. If you absolutely must print documents stored on the web, download them to your desktop before printing them. This will reduce printing bottlenecks and errors caused by network delays.

Tip # 8: Print just once: Be patient when sending print jobs to STC printers. Do not resend the same job multiple times if your output is delayed. Report the problem to the STC consultant. At IUB, if a consultant is not on site, call 812-855-3802 for assistance.

Tip # 9: Decrease font size: If you keep a printout for your own use, decreasing the font to the smallest legible size will reduce the number of pages printed.

Tip # 10: Use duplex printing: Duplex printing (two-sided output) is effective for lengthy material. (This will not save pages of your IUB printing allotment or reduce your cost of printing at IUPUI, but it will reduce waste paper.) For more, see http://kb.iu.edu/data/akez.html.

Tip # 11: Use print preview: Most applications in the STCs have a print preview feature that allows you to see how your printed document will appear so you can catch formatting errors or blank pages before you print. It is also particularly useful when you are printing web pages, which are often much longer than they appear to be.

Tip # 12: Run spell check: Use your application#chr(39)#s spell checker to reduce mistakes and avoid reprints.

Tip # 13: Print only final copies: Instead of printing draft copies of your work, edit your work online and print only the final copy.

Tip # 14: Use smaller margins: Instead of use 1.25” margins, set your documents to use 1” margins to save paper and your allotment."

More information regarding the Print Less Go Green campaign can be found at: https://stcweb.stc.indiana.edu/public/gogreen/about.cfm

A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials (e.g. course catalogs, course schedules, and directories) available online by default rather than printing them:

One.IU is Indiana University's web-based application portal that provides a common front door to online services at all IU campuses. One.IU offers easier and more direct access to the multitude of services available for students, faculty, and staff. The goal for One.IU is to create a virtual campus community -- a place to study, work, collaborate, and have fun!

Course catalogues and schedules are no longer printed, and instead are published online through the Office of the Registrar at: http://registrar.indiana.edu/stu_courseinfo.shtml.

Staff directories can all be located under individual departmental websites, and are searchable by individual at people.iu.edu. A campus building directory is available online at: http://www.iub.edu/~iubmap/. Printed campus directories have been eliminated.

A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:

Hoosier to Hoosier (H2H) is a reuse program that aims 1) to divert reusable items from the landfill during student move-out, 2) to prevent additional resource consumption by selling collected items to students and community members in order 3) to raise funds for local charities and other organizations.

Hoosier to Hoosier is a partnership between the City of Bloomington, Indiana University, Cutters Soccer Club (2015-present), and Monroe County Habitat for Humanity (2010-2014). Funds raised through the Hoosier to Hoosier sale go to a number of local organizations. Our volunteer compensation program allows local organizations to apply to receive a portion of proceeds based on the number of volunteer hours their organization provides to sale efforts.

H2H aims to intercept reusable items that would otherwise end up in the landfill from IU dormitories, Greek houses, and off-campus student housing. Items are collected starting in late April/early May through early August. Under an agreement with the Warehouse, a local community recreation center, collected items are stored through the summer, until sale day in late August. The sale date is designed to coincide with student move-in, in an attempt to reduce the number of new items purchased by students at the start of the academic year.

At the 2017 sale, H2H took in $40,700 and diverted 60 tons of material.

A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:

The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution or simply email your inquiry to stars@aashe.org.