Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 57.65
Liaison Michelle Gibbs
Submission Date March 6, 2020

STARS v2.2

Hope College
OP-1: Emissions Inventory and Disclosure

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 1.42 / 3.00 Michelle Gibbs
Director
Office of Sustainability
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Has the institution conducted a GHG emissions inventory within the previous three years that includes all Scope 1 and 2 emissions? :
Yes

A copy of the most recent GHG emissions inventory:
A brief description of the methodology and/or tool used to complete the GHG emissions inventory:

Natural Gas and Electrical emissions were calculated from 2005 through the calendar year of 2018.
In the emissions category of “commuting” the student and faculty commute was included for 2017. The faculty commute was calculated by assuming a daily commute to and from Hope College if he or she lives within a 60 mile radius. The distance from each city, in miles, per faculty member who fit the qualifications was accounted for a twice a day commute, over a period of 140 days. The 140 days is the amount of working school days in a calendar year. All student and faculty commute was assumed to be done by conventional gasoline vehicles. The conversions from the mileages to carbon dioxide equivalent use conversion factors from the Environmental Protection Agency’s website (www.epa.gov). For student and faculty commute the miles traveled were converted to gallons of gasoline consumed, then to British Thermal Units (btu), then to pounds of carbon dioxide emitted, then to short tons, and finally to metric tons.
In the emissions category of “other” the groundskeeping and vehicles owned by Hope College emissions were calculated using their gallons of gas they consumed. The conversions from the gallons of conventional gasoline and diesel gasoline consumed came from the Environmental Protection Agency’s website (www.epa.gov). For conventional and diesel gasoline the gallons consumed were converted to British Thermal Units (btu), then to pounds of carbon dioxide emitted, then to short tons, and finally to metric tons.


Has the GHG emissions inventory been validated internally by personnel who are independent of the GHG accounting and reporting process and/or verified by an independent, external third party?:
No

A brief description of the GHG inventory verification process:
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Documentation to support the GHG inventory verification process:
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Gross Scope 1 GHG emissions, performance year:
Weight in MTCO2e
Stationary combustion 9,894.15 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Other sources (mobile combustion, process emissions, fugitive emissions) 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Total gross Scope 1 GHG emissions, performance year:
9,894.15 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Gross Scope 2 GHG emissions, performance year (market-based):
Weight in MTCO2e
Imported electricity 8,469.50 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Imported thermal energy 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Total gross Scope 2 GHG emissions, performance year:
8,469.50 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Gross GHG emissions from biogenic sources, performance year:
0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Does the GHG emissions inventory include Scope 3 emissions from the following sources?:
Yes or No Weight in MTCO2e
Business travel No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Commuting No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Purchased goods and services No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Capital goods No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Fuel- and energy-related activities not included in Scope 1 or Scope 2 No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Waste generated in operations No 0 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent
Other sources No 542.63 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

Total Scope 3 GHG emissions, performance year:
542.63 Metric Tons of CO2 Equivalent

A brief description of how the institution accounted for its Scope 3 emissions:

In the emissions category of “commuting” the student and faculty commute was included for 2017. The faculty commute was calculated by assuming a daily commute to and from Hope College if he or she lives within a 60 mile radius. The distance from each city, in miles, per faculty member who fit the qualifications was accounted for a twice a day commute, over a period of 140 days. The 140 days is the amount of working school days in a calendar year. All student and faculty commute was assumed to be done by conventional gasoline vehicles. The conversions from the mileages to carbon dioxide equivalent use conversion factors from the Environmental Protection Agency’s website (www.epa.gov). For student and faculty commute the miles traveled were converted to gallons of gasoline consumed, then to British Thermal Units (btu), then to pounds of carbon dioxide emitted, then to short tons, and finally to metric tons.
In the emissions category of “other” the groundskeeping and vehicles owned by Hope College emissions were calculated using their gallons of gas they consumed. The conversions from the gallons of conventional gasoline and diesel gasoline consumed came from the Environmental Protection Agency’s website (www.epa.gov). For conventional and diesel gasoline the gallons consumed were converted to British Thermal Units (btu), then to pounds of carbon dioxide emitted, then to short tons, and finally to metric tons.


Has the institution completed an inventory within the previous three years to quantify its air pollutant emissions?:
Yes

Annual weight of emissions for::
Weight of Emissions
Nitrogen oxides (NOx) 7.60 Tons
Sulfur oxides (SOx) 0.05 Tons
Carbon monoxide (CO) 6.40 Tons
Particulate matter (PM) 1.16 Tons
Ozone (O3) 0 Tons
Lead (Pb) 0.00 Tons
Hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) 0 Tons
Ozone-depleting compounds (ODCs) 0 Tons
Other standard categories of air emissions identified in permits and/or regulations 0.46 Tons

Do the air pollutant emissions figures provided include the following sources?:
Yes or No
Major stationary sources Yes
Area sources No
Mobile sources No
Commuting No
Off-site electricity production No

A brief description of the methodology(ies) the institution used to complete its air emissions inventory:

Up until 2017 we have been required to participate in the Michigan Air Emissions Reporting System (MAERS). We hired a third party firm to complete this report for the college.
This covers DeVos Field House and the campus boiler plant.
Source Summary Report - AQD Source ID (SRN) M4153 Reporting Year : 2017


Gross Scope 2 GHG emissions from purchased electricity (location-based):
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Gross Scope 2 GHG emissions from imported thermal energy (location-based) :
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Website URL where information about the institution’s emissions inventories is available:
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Additional documentation to support the submission:
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During calendar year 2018 the HBPW obtained its energy from the following sources: Coal 25.1%; Natural Gas 55.5%; Renewables 12.1% (8.1% Wind and 4.0% Landfill Gas); and Market (various) 7.3%.

2018 marked the first full year of operation for the award-winning Holland Energy Park (HEP). HEP features the latest combined-cycle natural gas generating technology, producing up to 145 megawatts of power (http://p21decision.com/). In April 2015, ground was broken on the site and construction began. The remaining coal was used at the current coal fired plant (James de Young) in spring of 2016 and the plant came online spring 2017.

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.