Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 60.54
Liaison Michael Amadori
Submission Date March 5, 2021

STARS v2.2

Hobart and William Smith Colleges
OP-9: Landscape Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 1.00 / 2.00 Michael Amadori
Sustainability Manager
Office of Sustainability
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total campus area:
317 Acres

Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
Area (double-counting is not allowed)
Area managed organically, without the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides 0 Acres
Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses selected chemicals only when needed 317 Acres
Area managed using conventional, chemical-based landscape management practices 0 Acres
Total area of managed grounds 317 Acres

A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds:

All building footprints, parking areas, sidewalks (and other impervious surfaces), forested areas, meadows and other vegetated areas at the edges of development are included in the managed grounds land. Parking lots, sidewalks, and seating areas are all managed under grounds. We ensure that areas are clear of debris, snow, safety issues, and garbage. Additionally, we still manage our wooded areas. If necessary we clean up debris, make sure proper drainage flows through the area, and pick up garbage.
188 acres Main Campus
109 Hanley Biological Preserve
27 Coopers Woods

Percentage of grounds managed organically:

A brief description of the organic landscape management program:

Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:

A copy of the IPM plan or program:
A brief description of the IPM program:

At HWS we are sensitive to our environment and follow an Integrated Pest Management plan to eliminate undesired plants and weeds to keep our campus landscape healthy and attractive. These plans include both mechanical and chemical practices. A systematic approach is taken to manage pests, with minimal impact to human and environmental health. When chemicals are used they are applied sparingly, strategically and in a manner consistent with DEC guidelines.

At HWS, we strive to be good stewards of our campus environment. We employ integrated pest management (IPM) and best management practices in our turf and landscape installations and maintenance. IPM practices include the treatment of pests (weeds, insects, diseases) only when the damage threshold reaches an unacceptable level. The threshold is set by factors that include: what plant health can tolerate, the aesthetics of the plant and campus, the function and use of the plant or surface (i.e. athletic field, shade from tree), environmental factors, and safety of people and structures. We employ many cultural control measures as well as pesticide and fertilization applications. Whenever possible, we will opt for the cultural practice over the pesticide application, such as core aeration and over seeding a thin turf area instead of grub control and fertilizer where grubs are present, or accepting some leaf damage on a tree infested with Japanese beetles.
Athletic fields are managed more intensely because of the heavy use they receive. Player safety is also an important consideration in management of athletic fields. Weed growth and grass rooting affects an athlete’s ability to perform as well as foot, ankle and knee safety. Slipping on a weed or shallow rooting of turf grass can injure an athlete or end a career. Proper fertilization and weed control are continually monitored to keep the turf performing at the highest level possible. An IPM approach is employed on athletic fields as well. Because of the intense management, the potential for insect and disease is greater. An important element of IPM is monitoring weather and irrigation. Some pest problems are managed by increasing or decreasing the amount of water the field receives or waiting for the weather to change. Weeds and other pests are generally treated on a “spot treatment” basis as opposed to a broadcast application. Fertilization is performed on a “prescription” type program after a soil test is analyzed annually.

A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:

Our approach to plant stewardship is both functional and ascetically pleasing. Utilizing a variety of plants we strive to better our environment while keeping campus attractive. Following practices such as Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) tree care ensures appropriate measures are taken.

A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:

The institution practices responsible water management including limited irrigation and active storm water management with rain garden/bio-retention installations and use of porous pavement. Additionally, our buildings and grounds department works with the Geoscientists on campus to drill wells with each major project, in order to track and understand the campus hydrology over time.

A brief description of the institution's approach to landscape materials management and waste minimization:

The Colleges chip tree debris, mulch grass clippings, compost leaves, and landfill shrub clippings. We estimate that approximately 80% of these materials are mulched or composted. Finished product/soil amendment is reapplied to campus grounds.

A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:

The Colleges utilize well-designed landscapes to reduce building heating and cooling costs. Carefully positioned trees can save energy a typical building uses. We have two green roofs, which helps to reduce heat island effect and cooling demands.

A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution:

The Colleges use plowing, sand and salting strategies that minimize the amount of salt use, while maintaining safe conditions.Some practices include the use of organic fertilizer. Use of low volume salters to reduce run off. ISA tree care practices. Odell's pond landscape buffer. We are currently upgrading our turf to a more hardy fescue. It is our hopes this will reduce the need for fertilizer and watering throughout the year.

Website URL where information about the institution’s sustainable landscape management program is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:

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