Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 75.28
Liaison Yumiko Jakobcic
Submission Date March 3, 2023

STARS v2.2

Grand Valley State University
OP-9: Landscape Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 1.01 / 2.00 Yumiko Jakobcic
Campus Sustainability Coordinator
Office of Sustainability Practices
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total campus area:
1,391 Acres

Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
Area (double-counting is not allowed)
Area managed organically, without the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides 4 Acres
Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses selected chemicals only when needed 651 Acres
Area managed using conventional, chemical-based landscape management practices 0 Acres
Total area of managed grounds 655 Acres

A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds:
The footprint of buildings is not included

Percentage of grounds managed organically:

A brief description of the organic landscape management program:
The Sustainable Agriculture Project is managed utilizing sustainable and regenerative practices. Fertilization of crops is conducted utilizing compost and organic, all-natural fertilizers such as blood meal, bone meal, and compost tea. Pest management is done with physical measures, using live traps for rabbits, row cover to protect against beetles and deer, and manual scouting done daily for horn worms and flea beetles. The soil is managed with minimal tillage, with only one tilling event being conducted in the fields once a year (if needed). The high tunnels are not turned over and are true no-till beds.

Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:

A copy of the IPM plan or program:

A brief description of the IPM program:
Start with a healthy plant as the best defense against disease or pests. Choose correct varieties for the location. Don’t overplant areas to improve air circulation that reduces disease. Water wisely, caution used not to over or under water locations. Clean up debris to reduce insect populations. Determine thresholds and monitor locations regularly. Understand life-cycles of insects and weeds for proper control. Limit synthetic chemical control use and avoid ‘blanket’ applications.

A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:
We follow the IPM plan, and also review design plans prior to landscaping to make sure that they accommodate native plants and use plants that are hearty for this region.

A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:
The Stormwater Advisory Group (SWAG), consisting of faculty, staff, and consulting engineers, collaborate on water management solutions on campus. With the input of SWAG, GVSU has constructed water retention ponds, bioswales and rain gardens, used porous pavement, and designed vegetated roofs to maintain an acceptable flow of water into the adjacent ravine system.

A brief description of the institution's approach to landscape materials management and waste minimization:
On-campus composting kicked off with a sorting party involving a group of students sorting the yard waste. Facilities services transported the sorted material to the Sustainable Agriculture Project where is was wind-rowed. In addition, dining facilities and housing all offer compost options. Some compost is then used at the Sustainable Agriculture Project.

A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:
Landscape design is a project-driven plan. Projects are designed to use as little water as possible and not to rely on irrigation. They are designed to use run-off water whenever possible and to use natural vegetation in the area.

A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution:
Snow piles from parking lots are placed in locations, where melting/runoff of the snow piles, are less apt to cause erosion to adjacent ravine areas. Excessive amounts of piled snow (that could cause erosion problems) are mechanically removed and relocated by front-end loaders and or odump trucks, when necessary. Road salt usage is reduced by 50%, by mixing the road salt with sand. Salt usage on sidewalk areas has been reduced or eliminated in most areas of campus, by using liquid de-icing materials that are lss corrosive, and environmentally damaging.

Website URL where information about the institution’s sustainable landscape management program is available:

Additional documentation to support the submission:

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:

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