Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 75.69
Liaison Ciannat Howett
Submission Date March 5, 2021

STARS v2.2

Emory University
OP-9: Landscape Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 1.73 / 2.00 Jimmy Powell
Director
Engineering and Exterior Services
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total campus area:
736.40 Acres

Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
Area (double-counting is not allowed)
Area managed organically, without the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides 355 Acres
Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses selected chemicals only when needed 134.28 Acres
Area managed using conventional, chemical-based landscape management practices 0 Acres
Total area of managed grounds 489.28 Acres

A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds:

46 acres of Roads; 14.3 acres of service drives; 31.68 acres of sidewalks; 34 acres of surface lots; 19.28 acres of parking decks; 71.86 acres of buildings; and 30 acres of water for a total of 247.12 acres of land excluded from area of managed grounds.

These totals are based on a 2017 inventory. Another inventory will not be conducted until after the COVID-19 pandemic subsides.


Percentage of grounds managed organically:
72.56

A brief description of the organic landscape management program:

The Emory University community has long recognized that the original, hardwood forest lands of Emory represent irreplaceable value for current and future generations of Emory students, staff and faculty. Recognizing that all of Emory’s forest areas need a comprehensive management plan, the Committee on the Environment and Campus Services partnered to develop an Emory University Forest Management Plan. The goal is to create, restore, enhance and maintain its forested areas.

Within the 355 acres that are managed organically, no inorganic fertilizers or chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides are applied and the following best practices are followed:
• Grass is mowed as needed, generally on a weekly basis. Aeration is performed as required but no less than two times per year.
• Manual weed control is practiced.
• Adequate fertilizer is applied to ensure all plant materials are healthy and growing vigorously and amounts depend on species, length of growing season, soils and rainfall. Only environmentally approved products are used.
• Frequency of irrigation use is determined by rainfall amounts, temperature, season and demands of plant material.
• Forested acreage is managed by guidelines set forth in our Forest Management program (http://www.campserv.emory.edu/fm/documents/exterior/forest-management-plan.pdf).

In 2014, Emory University became the first university in the country to ban neonicotinoid pesticides and implement a comprehensive pollinator protection campaign. http://news.emory.edu/stories/2014/09/er_bee_pledge_commitment/campus.html


Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:
27.44

A copy of the IPM plan or program:
A brief description of the IPM program:

Integrated Pest Managment (IPM) practices are followed for disease and insect control. IPM is a four-tiered series of pest management evaluations, decisions and controls. The four-tiers are as follows:
1. Set an action threshold or a point at which pest populations or environmental conditions indicate action must be taken
2. Monitor and identify pests
3. Prevent pests from becoming a threat using effective and cost-efficient practices. This includes using cultural methods, such as selecting pest-resistant plant varieties and planting plants in proper environment to reduce stress.
4. Control of pest using effective, less risky pest controls which include the use of highly targeted chemicals, such as pheromones to disrupt pest mating, or mechanical control, such as trapping or weeding.


A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:

The Emory Sustainability Vision set a goal to "restore forested lands and control harmful invasive species on university campus." The Grounds department targets English Ivy, Chinese Privet, Wisteria, and non-native volunteers in our forested areas using mechanical and selective chemical control measures.

In conjunction with this goal, the “use of native plant materials” is included in the Elements of the Emory Vocabulary recorded in the Campus Master Plan Update 2005. All plant material shall comply with the Landscape Master Plan Palette included in the Emory University Campus Design Guidelines. The Landscape Master Plan Palette is a list of plants native to plant hardiness zone 7. Plant material not included in the Landscape Master Plan Palette must be approved by the Emory University Superintendent of Roads and Grounds and the Emory University Landscape Architect.


A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:

Emory practices continual streambank restoration and management, including hosting groups of students to plant pollinator-attractive plants in 25-foot streambank buffers across campus to enhance pollinator habitat while employing green infrastructure to slow and clean stormwater and runoff.

Cisterns are located around campus that allow for harvested rainwater to be used wherever the water is needed for irrigation, and in some buildings, for toilet flushing.

Bioretention swales have been constructed in several areas, which are designed to filter stormwater runoff from pavement, and slow the flow of water before it returns to the watershed.

Emory is committed to restoring and maintaining the connectivity of Emory's forests, particularly the natural corridor along South Peachtree Creek from Wesley Woods, through Harwood Forest and the Lullwater Preserve, within the context of its Piedmont origins.

Emory's Design and Construction Standards state that "Emory supports the reduced use of potable water for landscape irrigation purposes. The design team should evaluate strategies such as specifying indigenous plant species requiring little or no irrigation, the use of high efficiency micro-irrigation, storm-water and/or HVAC condensate harvesting. Following this guidance may enable the project to achieve the Water Efficiency Credit 1 – Water Efficient Landscaping under the current LEED rating system." The Standards also state that "[a]ll Emory projects shall attempt to meet and exceed the requirements of Sustainable Sites Credits 6.1 and 6.2 – Stormwater Management: Quantity and Quality Control under the current LEED rating system. . . . [E]mphasis shall be placed on reducing impervious cover, increasing on-site infiltration, reducing or eliminating contaminants from runoff, and stormwater harvesting."


A brief description of the institution's approach to landscape materials management and waste minimization:

Green waste from landscape maintenance activities is included in Emory's composting program, which also handles food waste, paper towels, and animal bedding from campus facilities. Emory partners with Southern Green Industries for collection and transport of compostable waste to a local commercial composting facility. The Grounds department periodically purchases soil amendments from this composting facility for use in landscaping beds and in the campus's Educational Garden plots.


A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:

Emory's Design Guidelines state that "all projects shall attempt to meet and exceed the requirements of Sustainable Sites Credit 7.1 – Heat Island Effect: Non-Roof under the current LEED rating system. Generally, emphasis shall be placed on reducing heat islands to minimize impacts on microclimates and human and wildlife habitats by providing shade and/or light-colored/high-albedo materials in an acceptable combination to provide coverage for at least 50% of the sites non-roof impervious surface. . . . Beyond the requirements of the credit, any projects utilizing materials which are allowed by the design standard, but which have a low reflectance (i.e. red brick, asphalt, etc.) shall be offset by other materials in the project to reduce the heat island effect. For example, if 100 square foot of asphalt is required on the project, 100 square foot of area, beyond the 50% to meet credit requirements should be included for another design element such as shade or high-albedo concrete."


A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution:

The Emory Grounds Department uses an environmentally friendly product for de-icing; however, de-icing product availability fluctuates annually. Emory's preference is Calcium Magnesium Acetate (CMA) as it is less corrosive on concrete and less harmful to vegetation.

In 2014, Emory University became the first university in the country to ban neonicotinoid pesticides and implement a comprehensive pollinator protection campaign. Emory's Design & Construction Standards state that the use of neonicotinoids and plant material (trees, shrubs, groundcovers, plants, turf and seed) treated with neonicotinoids are not acceptable. All plant material must be certified to have been produced or grown without the use of neonicotinoids, and all contractors must provide certification that all plant materials are neonicotinoid free.


Website URL where information about the institution’s sustainable landscape management program is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
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