Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 68.21
Liaison Jeremy King
Submission Date Sept. 19, 2022

STARS v2.2

Denison University
OP-6: Clean and Renewable Energy

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 0.43 / 4.00 Jeremy King
Campus Sustainability Coordinator
Office of the President
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total energy consumption, performance year:
188,318.68 MMBtu

Clean and renewable electricity (report kilowatt-hours):
kWh MMBtu
Imported electricity from certified/verified clean and renewable sources (i.e., bundled green power purchases) 0 Kilowatt-hours 0 MMBtu
Electricity from on-site, clean and renewable sources (rights retained/retired) 183,000 Kilowatt-hours 624.40 MMBtu

A brief description of the certified/verified sources of clean and renewable electricity:


A brief description of the on-site renewable electricity generating facilities/devices:

The University has 10 solar arrays on site including a large 2.33MW solar array owned and operated by a 3rd party. The eight campus arrays that are not part of the 3rd party PPA agreement are all registered with the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio and through PJM-EIS which is an entity that helps track, manage and certify RECs for our grid region.

The large 2.33MW array is part of a PPA agreement whereby for the first 8 years, the solar SRECs from this array are swapped with other Green-E CERTIFIED RECs at a 2:1 ratio, meaning we get double the RECs. For reporting purposes, these swapped RECs we get will not be reported in this section, but rather below, in the unbundled RECs section.

Clean and renewable thermal energy (report MMBtu):
Clean and renewable stationary fuels used on-site to generate thermal energy 0 MMBtu
Imported steam, hot water, and/or chilled water from certified/verified clean and renewable sources 0 MMBtu

A brief description of the clean and renewable stationary fuels:


A brief description of the certified/verified sources of clean and renewable thermal energy:


Unbundled renewable energy products (report kWh):
kWh MMBtu
Purchased RECs, GOs, I-RECs or equivalent unbundled renewable energy products certified by a third party 5,714,000 Kilowatt-hours 19,496.17 MMBtu

A brief description of the unbundled renewable energy products:

With the college's new 2.3 MW solar array. We employed a REC swap with the PPA provider and we get 2 RECs for every REC the array produces during the first 8 years. After that, the SRECs produced by the array stay with Denison.

For FY2021 - 5,714 RECs were acquired and retired on behalf of Denison University per the PPA agreement. These RECs were Green-e certified and retired in MRETS and WREGIS. They were a combination of solar RECs and hydro RECs.

Total clean and renewable energy generated or purchased:
20,120.56 MMBtu

Percentage of total energy consumption from clean and renewable sources:

Website URL where information about the institution’s support for clean and renewable energy is available:
Electricity use, by source (percentage of total, 0-100):
Percentage of total electricity use (0-100)
Biomass 0.50
Coal 20.50
Geothermal 0
Hydro 1.50
Natural gas 39
Nuclear 34.50
Solar photovoltaic 0.50
Wind 3
Other (please specify and explain below) 0.50

A brief description of other sources of electricity not specified above:

Oil - less than 0.5%
Geothermal - less than 0.5%

Energy used for heating buildings, by source::
Percentage of total energy used to heat buildings (0-100)
Biomass ---
Coal ---
Electricity 1
Fuel oil ---
Geothermal 1
Natural gas 98
Other (please specify and explain below) ---

A brief description of other sources of building heating not specified above:

Additional documentation to support the submission:

Data source(s) and notes about the submission:

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution or simply email your inquiry to stars@aashe.org.