Overall Rating Gold
Overall Score 65.48
Liaison David Gibson
Submission Date March 30, 2018
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.1

College of the Atlantic
OP-9: Landscape Management

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.00 / 2.00 Andrea Russell
Sustainability Coordinator and Community Energy Center Program Manager
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"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Total campus area (i.e. the total amount of land within the institutional boundary):
349 Acres

Figures required to calculate the total area of managed grounds:
Area (double-counting is not allowed)
Area managed in accordance with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program that uses a four-tiered approach 0 Acres
Area managed in accordance with an organic land care standard or sustainable landscape management program that has eliminated the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides in favor of ecologically preferable materials 349 Acres
Area managed using conventional landscape management practices (which may include some IPM principles or techniques) 0 Acres
Total area of managed grounds 349 Acres

A brief description of any land excluded from the area of managed grounds (e.g. the footprint of buildings and impervious surfaces, experimental agricultural land, areas that are not regularly managed or maintained):

N/A.


Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an IPM program:
0

A copy of the IPM plan or program:
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A brief description of the IPM program:
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Percentage of grounds managed in accordance with an organic program:
100

A brief description of the organic land standard or landscape management program that has eliminated the use of inorganic fertilizers and chemical pesticides, fungicides and herbicides in favor of ecologically preferable materials:

COA does not use any inorganic fertilizers, chemical pesticides, fungicides, or herbicides in it’s ground management. We compost leftover materials from our kitchen and waste from grounds management (grass clippings, weeds, leaves, etc.) to use as fertilizer. We generally ignore the presence of most “pests". If there are harmful insects, such as hornets or wasps, the area they are in will be isolated and the nest will be left alone so it can freeze in the winter.


A brief description of the institution's approach to plant stewardship:

The south end of campus has mature woods, characterized by native evergreen species, which provides wildlife habitat and a sense of wilderness on campus. Succession, invasive species, and existing wetlands are managed to preserve the integrity of this area. The campus’ shoreline and roadside are characterized by a diversity of species (native as well as invasive), and these areas are managed to foster the growth of native species. Appropriate non-native introductions may be used in certain parts of the campus in conjunction with campus improvements—provided they meet hardiness and compatibility requirements. In selecting plants for permanent gardens and plantings, native species or species that are low maintenance, disease and deer resistant, and non-invasive are used. Systematic manual removal of invasive species is ongoing throughout campus, in accordance with the campus landscape plan.


A brief description of the institution's approach to hydrology and water use:

The ocean frontage of the main campus is protected under the State of Maine/Town of Bar Harbor municipal shoreland zoning ordinance. All vegetation 75 feet back from the normal high water mark along the shore frontage is managed according to a point system, which is designed to keep natural vegetation to hold the soil from eroding and to maintain the aesthetic character of the shoreland zone. We also maintain a buffer along both sides of the one small stream that flows across the property. We maintain small bioswale areas to absorb runoff. Our parking areas and campus paths are made of sand and gravel to allow natural infiltration of water. We have a wetland of about 1/4 acre in size that is left in a natural state to allow for water infiltration and habitat protection.


A brief description of the institution's approach to materials management and waste minimization (e.g. composting and/or mulching on-site waste):

All landscape debris including grass and leaves is composted on the campus in designated piles. Materials that are very difficult to compost, such as large stumps, are burned on campus to eliminate trucking off. Landscape material is produced and reused on site as much as possible (for instance, wood chips from branches, gravel, and stone). When plants are thinned or divided, they are donated to faculty, staff, and students for their home gardens.


A brief description of the institution's approach to energy-efficient landscape design:

The College of the Atlantic campus has extensive lawn and tree cover and there is no 'heat island' effect. We do not have paved areas in the interior of campus around our buildings.


A brief description of other sustainable landscape management practices employed by the institution (e.g. use of environmentally preferable landscaping materials, initiatives to reduce the impacts of ice and snow removal, wildfire prevention):

Many of the pathways and areas around buildings are shoveled by hand. Driveways are plowed, and we use a snowblower for some of the larger pedestrian paths. We do not dump snow into the ocean or the small stream crossing our campus and we do not have a 'snow dump'; rather snow is piled or pushed off the drives and allowed to melt close to where it fell. In extremely icy conditions we use the most environmentally friendly salt mixture that we know of, Dynamelt.


The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
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