Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 56.21
Liaison Jennifer McMillin
Submission Date July 28, 2020

STARS v2.2

Cleveland State University
OP-18: Waste Minimization and Diversion

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.82 / 8.00 Jennifer McMillin
Director of Sustainability
Facilities l Architect l Safety l Technology
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Materials recycled 236.99 Tons 241.36 Tons
Materials composted 62.59 Tons 24 Tons
Materials donated or re-sold 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator 940.20 Tons 1,044.70 Tons
Total waste generated 1,239.78 Tons 1,310.06 Tons

A brief description of the residual conversion facility:
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Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Period Jan. 1, 2019 Dec. 31, 2019
Baseline Period Jan. 1, 2015 Dec. 31, 2015

A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted:
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Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of students resident on-site 1,003 1,010
Number of employees resident on-site 4 0
Number of other individuals resident on-site 0 0
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 12,358 13,571
Full-time equivalent of employees 1,830.60 1,804
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 1,110 0
Weighted campus users 10,060.70 11,783.75

Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total waste generated per weighted campus user 0.12 Tons 0.11 Tons

Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:
0

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:
24.16

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):
24.16

In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
Yes or No
Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers Yes
Food Yes
Cooking oil Yes
Plant materials Yes
Animal bedding No
White goods (i.e. appliances) Yes
Electronics Yes
Laboratory equipment No
Furniture No
Residence hall move-in/move-out waste Yes
Scrap metal Yes
Pallets Yes
Tires Yes
Other (please specify below) Yes

A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:

Waste streams collected on campus include plastic and cans, cardboard, mixed office paper, Styrofoam, shrink wrap, steel, tires, yard waste, food waste, computers and electronics, ink cartridges, batteries, motor oil, antifreeze, ballasts and fluorescent bulbs.

Laboratory equipment and furniture are collected for redistribution on campus or for auction but quantities and weight data are unavailable.


Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year:
---

Does the institution use single stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Does the institution use dual stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
Yes

Does the institution use multi-stream recycling to collect standard recyclables in common areas?:
No

Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program:
1

A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed:

Recyclable materials are collected on campus by custodial staff in color coded bags. All waste bins use gray plastic bags and all recycling bins (bottles and cans / paper) use white bags. Custodians ensure that white bags are deposited in a designated recycling cart in each building. Once custodial staff have placed the bags of recycled materials in the designated area, recycling staff collect the bags of recyclable materials and move them to a central facility. There, staff separate recyclable materials into single streams (cans, plastic, paper, cardboard) to ensure a nearly contamination free material stream. This result is verified by our recycling service provider.


A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives:

In 2018, all recycling bin labels were redesigned to clearly indicate acceptable recycling streams with simple text and images. Accompanying posters, digital signage, a pocket guide to recycling, and a set of buttons were also developed.


A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:

Annual reporting to the Cuyahoga County Solid Waste District on total amounts of recycled materials has led to a better understanding of waste streams generated on the CSU campus. Reports from both our waste hauler and recycling provider are used to understand trends over time.


A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste:

All custodial supplies including cleaning products and paper products are centrally purchased in bulk to service the needs of the entire campus and reduce packaging waste.


A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:

CSU's Property Control department is responsible for recording and accounting for the university's nearly $51 million in property, including salvage, reuse, sale, recycling and disposal. Property is routinely re-used internally and if that is not possible, items are recycled, sold by competitive bid to outside parties or otherwise destroyed.

CSU departments in need of desks, chairs, shelves and other office items can contact Property Control to see what items are available for reuse on campus.

https://www.csuohio.edu/controllers-office/property-control


A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse:

In 2016, Information Services and Technology (IS&T) initiated a recycling program which offers refurbished PCs as an alternative to new desktop units.

The campus bookstore, Viking Outfitters, offers used textbooks and book rental options, and they offer a textbook buy-back program.

The library offers a selection of print textbooks required for some of the larger general education classes and students with a valid VikingCard may borrow these textbooks to use in the Library for a two hour loan period. In addition to the print textbooks, the library offers some eTextbooks which are digital versions of books required for classes.

The Levin College of Urban Affairs maintains a peer to peer reuse program for office supplies and faculty and staff are encouraged to check whether supplies can be reused before purchasing new items.

Michael Schwartz Library staff maintain a peer to peer reuse program for office supplies and staff are encouraged to check whether supplies can be reused before purchasing new items.


A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption:

Limited free printing is provided to every student (2,000 black and white pages or 160 color pages per semester). The 2,000 page allocation is refreshed at the end of each semester. Unused printing is NOT carried over to the following semester.

https://www.csuohio.edu/services-for-students/lab-printing

As part of CSU's Campus Wide Energy Conservation and Management Program, a Managed Print Services (MPS) program was adopted. By reducing printing consumables, the program:
- Reduces energy consumption, emission levels and solid waste.
- Achieves NE Ohio Collaboration and Innovation Commission recommendation to centralize the print management function.
- Fulfills Governor Strickland's Executive Order 2007-02S which establishes a strategic vision for State of Ohio supported institutions and agencies to reduce energy consumption, improve energy efficiency and adopt advanced energy utilization technologies.

https://www.csuohio.edu/printing/managed-printer-services-program-procedures


A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials available online by default rather than printing them:

Undergraduate and graduate catalogs
http://catalog.csuohio.edu/index.php

Online courses
http://online.csuohio.edu/online_course_catalog.html

Electronic Course Reserves & Textbook Center
http://researchguides.csuohio.edu/er.php

Access Control Department online request forms
https://www.csuohio.edu/access-security/submit-access-requests

Facilities Work Orders and Service Requests
https://www.csuohio.edu/facilities-management/facilities-management-0

Faculty/Staff Directory
https://www.csuohio.edu/phone/phone


A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:

Donations are collected from students moving out of the residence halls. Boxes are placed in the lobbies of the two campus residences to collect usable goods for donation to a local charity. Cookware, small appliances, pillows, bedding, lamps, clothing, and other items are donated to the Salvation Army.

Students donate unopened canned goods, toiletries, and hygiene products to the campus food bank, Lift Up Vikes.

In 2019, dorm residents collected approximately 200 pairs of shoes for Soles4Souls and Salvation army collected six large bins of household and clothing donations. Four carts of food were donated to the CSU Lift Up Vikes food pantry. Move Out Recycling efforts meant that only one dumpster was needed for each building instead of 2-3 as in previous years. 2,553 pounds of cardboard was captured for recycling.


A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:
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Website URL where information about the institution’s waste minimization and diversion efforts is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
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The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.