Overall Rating Silver
Overall Score 47.15
Liaison Elenore Breslow
Submission Date Nov. 24, 2020

STARS v2.2

Brock University
OP-5: Building Energy Efficiency

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 2.83 / 6.00 Mary Quintana
Director, Asset Management & Utilities
Facilities Management
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Electricity use, performance year (report kilowatt-hours):
kWh MMBtu
Imported electricity 21,038,614 Kilowatt-hours 71,783.75 MMBtu
Electricity from on-site, non-combustion facilities/devices (e.g., renewable energy systems) 0 Kilowatt-hours 0 MMBtu

Stationary fuels and thermal energy, performance year (report MMBtu):
Stationary fuels used on-site to generate electricity and/or thermal energy 326,943 MMBtu
Imported steam, hot water, and/or chilled water 0 MMBtu

Total site energy consumption, performance year:
398,726.75 MMBtu

Gross floor area of building space, performance year:
256,565 Gross Square Metres

Floor area of energy intensive space, performance year:
Floor area
Laboratory space 11,768.16 Square Metres
Healthcare space 1,347.28 Square Metres
Other energy intensive space 11,331.80 Square Metres

EUI-adjusted floor area, performance year:
294,127.68 Gross Square Metres

Degree days, performance year:
Degree days
Heating degree days 3,758.30 Degree-Days (°C)
Cooling degree days 518.70 Degree-Days (°C)

Total degree days, performance year:
4,277 Degree-Days (°C)

Start and end dates of the performance year (or 3-year period):
Start date End date
Performance period Jan. 1, 2018 Dec. 31, 2018

Total site energy consumption per unit of EUI-adjusted floor area per degree day, performance year:
0 Btu / GSM / Degree-Day (°C)

Electricity use, baseline year (report kWh):
kWh MMBtu
Imported electricity 12,402,564 Kilowatt-hours 42,317.55 MMBtu
Electricity from on-site, non-combustion facilities/devices (e.g., renewable energy systems) 0 Kilowatt-hours 0 MMBtu

Stationary fuels and thermal energy, baseline year (report MMBtu):
Stationary fuels used on-site to generate electricity and/or thermal energy 389,200 MMBtu
Imported steam, hot water, and/or chilled water 0 MMBtu

Total site energy consumption, baseline year:
431,517.55 MMBtu

Gross floor area of building space, baseline year:
244,067 Gross Square Metres

Start and end dates of the baseline year (or 3-year period):
Start date End date
Baseline period Jan. 1, 2013 Dec. 31, 2013

A brief description of when and why the energy consumption baseline was adopted:

Brock University has elected to utilize the 2013 benchmark for its Greenhouse Gas (GHG) and energy consumption Inventories. The 2013 baseline year was the first year with reliable and accurate information in terms of GHG reporting and energy consumption for Brock. Furthermore, in 2012 Brock had undergone a large expansion as well as implemented operational changes through the construction of the Cairns Family Health and Bioscience Research Complex. The Cairns Complex added an additional 169,000 sq. Ft. 4 story plus basement building to the Brock campus. Thus, the period after construction of the Cairns Complex represents a stable point in campus development. Being a young university, 1990 did not appropriately reflect Brock’s operations and development. Therefore, to accurately represent improvements in GHG emissions and energy consumption, the 2013 baseline was adopted to provide the most accurate benchmark.

Source-site ratio for imported electricity:

Total energy consumption per unit of floor area:
Site energy Source energy
Performance year 0 MMBtu / GSM 0 MMBtu / GSM
Baseline year 0 MMBtu / GSM 0 MMBtu / GSM

Percentage reduction in total source energy consumption per unit of floor area from baseline:

Documentation to support the performance year energy consumption figures reported above:

A brief description of the institution's initiatives to shift individual attitudes and practices in regard to energy efficiency:

Facilities Management at Brock provides 4-5 tours throughout the year to students of the District Energy Systems. The tour highlights the features of Brock’s co-generation facility that provides an energy-efficient source of electricity, cooling and heating to a majority of the campus buildings. The tour provides students with information about Brock’s District Energy Efficiency Project (DEEP) and how through this project Brock aims to reduce its carbon footprint and increase sustainability on campus by replacing the 25-year-old-co-generation engines with state-of-the-art energy efficient units. This project highlights Brock’s efforts to become more environmentally sustainable and a leader amongst universities in reducing carbon emissions.

A brief description of energy use standards and controls employed by the institution:

Brock implemented setbacks in most of its buildings’ HVAC systems. These reduce the amount of energy used during unoccupied hours. In addition, Brock has its own Design Standards, which specify the minimum energy system requirements that any new construction and/or major renovation has to follow. The lighting design standards and approached used has been recognized among other Universities in Ontario.

A brief description of Light Emitting Diode (LED) lighting and other energy-efficient lighting strategies employed by the institution:

Bob Davis & Gym #2 Lighting & Controls Upgrades Project - This project involved a complete overhaul of the lighting and control systems in the Bob Davis and Gym 2 Gymnasiums. In total 356 fixtures (a mixture of 2 lamp and 4 lamp T8 fluorescent tubes) and 1,424 lamps were replaced by new efficient LED High Bay fixtures. These new fixtures offered almost 3 times the output of the original fixtures at a fraction of the required power draw. The project also involved the installation of a new Lutron lighting control system that allowed for further energy savings. The new control system included occupancy and motion sensors that dimmed the lighting down to emergency levels when not occupied. It also allowed for set “scenes” to be established that varied the light output based on the activity. For example, “General Use” was programmed to have a lower light output that “Varsity Sporting Event” meaning the lights were not utilized at their highest output at all times. In total the project accounted for an energy savings of 220,000 kWh per year and approximately 41 tons of CO2e.

A brief description of passive solar heating, geothermal systems, and related strategies employed by the institution:

Cairns Complex, a large research-intensive building, was designed using solar gain to heat the spaces. It also includes architectural features such as a permanent screenwall to avoid excessive solar gain while still allowing to reduce the building’s cooling load.

A brief description of co-generation employed by the institution:

Brock’s 7.9 MW natural gas-fired cogeneration plant produces power to cover most of the Main Campus’ needs. Each of these four 2750 HP internal combustion engines produces up to 1,976 Kilowatts of electricity at 4160 volts. This power is used for lighting and research equipment operation, building ventilation systems, operation of cafeterias, etc. As the generators produce power, for every 1 Kilowatt of electricity produced approximately 3,412 btu/h is also generated for a total of up to 6.7MMbtu/h of heat per engine. The recovered heat from the cogeneration engines is used to feed the campus hot water heating system. Hot water is less carbon-intensive than steam production. Hot water is used to heat many campus buildings during winter and produce domestic hot water around campus. In the summertime, the recovered heat is converted by a Lithium Bromide Absorption Chiller to produce chilled water which is used for campus air conditioning systems.

Power, heat and cooling from the cogeneration plant is fed to a majority of the Main Campus buildings. The Cairns Family Health Bioscience Complex is provided with its own power, heating and cooling systems. Stand-alone heating and cooling systems are also provided for Kenmore Center, Lowenberger, Harrison Hall, Village Residence, Theal House, Alphie's Trough and the Pool for resilience. On the satellite campuses, the buildings are provided with separate power feed, and each building has their own heating and cooling systems.

A brief description of the institution's initiatives to replace energy-consuming appliances, equipment, and systems with high efficiency alternatives:

The Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities (MTCU) provided $7.9 million in funding to Brock through its Greenhouse Gas Campus Retrofits Program (GGCRP) Innovation Grant Fund. The grant was used to complete Phase 2 of the District Energy Efficiency Project (DEEP), which has upgraded and modernized the University’s co-generation facility – a reliable and energy-efficient source of electricity, heating, and cooling on campus. As part of DEEP, Brock added Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) system on each engine exhaust to reduce nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions and non-methane hydrocarbons. Another example of environmental improvements made through DEEP is the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 15% via increased engine efficiency.

Variable Frequency Drives & Premium Efficiency Motors Project - The goal with this project was to install as many premium efficiency motors and VFD’s in the aging campus buildings as possible. These upgrades would allow for the ability to instate demand ventilation, ramping the fans up and down based on the static pressure (basically occupancy and temperature set points in the spaces). These projects represent significant energy savings and because these buildings are largely fed by the district energy system any savings in electricity consumption can directly be attributed to a reduction in the consumption of natural gas. Nearly 20 VFD’s have been installed as part of 5 projects across the Core campus in locations from MacKenzie Chown Complex, Walker Complex, the Central Utilities Building, Faculty of Education and the Playhouse Penthouse. In total the estimated electrical savings total 356,711 kWh and a total CO2 e reduction of 70 tons per year.

Website URL where information about the institution’s energy conservation and efficiency program is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution and complete the Data Inquiry Form.