Overall Rating Silver - expired
Overall Score 51.68
Liaison Franklin Lebo
Submission Date Jan. 11, 2019
Executive Letter Download

STARS v2.1

Baldwin Wallace University
OP-19: Waste Minimization and Diversion

Status Score Responsible Party
Complete 4.14 / 8.00 Franklin Lebo
Assistant Professor of Sustainability
"---" indicates that no data was submitted for this field

Figures needed to determine total waste generated (and diverted):
Performance Year Baseline Year
Materials recycled 653.91 Tons 443.57 Tons
Materials composted 126.19 Tons 101.00 Tons
Materials donated or re-sold 0 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed through post-recycling residual conversion 3 Tons 0 Tons
Materials disposed in a solid waste landfill or incinerator 45.07 Tons 282.44 Tons
Total waste generated 828.17 Tons 827.01 Tons

A brief description of the residual conversion facility, including affirmation that materials are sorted prior to conversion to recover recyclables and compostable materials:
The university leased a Grind2Energy composter with a 3,000 lb. capacity that is generally emptied once per year. G2E System. As the corporation's website describes this technology, "Through Grind2Energy’s innovative process, food waste is ground on-site using a customized, industrial-strength foodservice grinder. Food waste is converted into energy-rich slurry and transported to an anaerobic digestion facility where methane is extracted for energy production. The remaining biosolids become nutrient-rich fertilizer." (Please visit Emerson's homepage for more information about the technology and closed loop system it seeks to create: https://www.emerson.com/en-us/commercial-residential/grind2energy-food-waste-solution.) Prior to the performance year, while composting transpired, it was not measurable in a meaningful fashion as the grinder was of an inferior technology that had a variety of technical issues resulting in stoppage and other technical difficulties. While composting did transpire, therefore, it is not reported here due to the unreliability of the data.

Start and end dates of the performance year and baseline year (or three-year periods):
Start Date End Date
Performance Year Jan. 1, 2017 Dec. 31, 2017
Baseline Year Jan. 1, 2015 Dec. 31, 2015

A brief description of when and why the waste generation baseline was adopted (e.g. in sustainability plans and policies or in the context of other reporting obligations):
The waste baseline year of 2015 was adopted in order for this report to span a three year reporting cycle. The data for 2017 was drawn from the Feburary 2018 waste report.

Figures needed to determine "Weighted Campus Users”:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Number of students resident on-site 1,619 1,677
Number of employees resident on-site 12 12
Number of other individuals resident on-site and/or staffed hospital beds 0 0
Total full-time equivalent student enrollment 2,993 4,009
Full-time equivalent of employees (staff + faculty) 634 628
Full-time equivalent of students enrolled exclusively in distance education 0 0
Weighted campus users 3,128 3,900

Total waste generated per weighted campus user:
Performance Year Baseline Year
Total waste generated per weighted campus user 0.26 Tons 0.21 Tons

Percentage reduction in total waste generated per weighted campus user from baseline:

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator by recycling, composting, donating or re-selling, performance year:

Percentage of materials diverted from the landfill or incinerator (including up to 10 percent attributable to post-recycling residual conversion):

In the waste figures reported above, has the institution recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold the following materials?:
Yes or No
Paper, plastics, glass, metals, and other recyclable containers Yes
Food Yes
Cooking oil Yes
Plant materials Yes
Animal bedding No
White goods (i.e. appliances) No
Laboratory equipment No
Furniture No
Residence hall move-in/move-out waste No
Scrap metal No
Pallets No
Tires No
Other (please specify below) Yes

A brief description of other materials the institution has recycled, composted, donated and/or re-sold:
Baldwin Wallace has an ongoing contractual relationship with Lighting Resources, LLC located at 1919 Williams Street, Suite 350, Simi Valley, California 93065 to recycle and dispose of other hazarous materials. Specifically, BW's 2017 Certificate of Recycling explains as follows:
"Mercury Containing Lamps and/or Crushed Mercury Containing Lamps are de-manufactured and processed in accordance with all local, state and federal reguilations by Lighting Resources, LLC facility. . . . Mercury Containing Calcium Phosphate Powder is retorted and separated into benign phosphor powder and mercury in a commodity form in accordance with our Indiana facility. Mercury Containing Devixes/Articles are de-manufactured and processed in accordance with all local, state, and federal regulations. Batteries are waste reduced and processed under 40cfr 273 Universal Waste Rule and are sent to an EPA approved and LR audited recycler for proper recovery and recycling. Electronic Scrap (including non-PCB Ballasts, Capacitors, and or Transformers) are sent to an LR audited recycler for proper recovery and recycling. PCB Ballast, Capacitors and/or Transformers are de-manufactured, recycled and the PCB wastes are incinerated in accordance with our Arizona facility . . . Ballast Processessing Regulations or by an EPA approved and LR audited recycler. All materials are transported by a licensed, and registered universal/hazardous waste hauler. Thank you for safeguarding important natural resources while contributing to the preservatin of our environment."
BW's inventory of lamps recycled in 2017 included 1,1780 F-48 lamps, 54 F-96 lamps, and 76 FB-40 lamps.

Materials intended for disposal but subsequently recovered and reused on campus, performance year (e.g. materials that are actively diverted from the landfill or incinerator and refurbished/repurposed) :

Does the institution use single stream recycling (a single container for commingled recyclables) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Does the institution use dual stream (two separate containers for recyclables, e.g. one for paper and another for plastic, glass, and metals) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Does the institution use multi-stream recycling (multiple containers that further separate different types of materials) to collect standard recyclables (i.e. paper, plastic, glass, metals) in common areas?:

Average contamination rate for the institution’s recycling program (percentage, 0-100):

A brief description of any recycling quality control mechanisms employed, e.g. efforts to minimize contamination and/or monitor the discard rates of the materials recovery facilities and mills to which materials are diverted:

A brief description of the institution's waste-related behavior change initiatives, e.g. initiatives to shift individual attitudes and practices such as signage and competitions:

A brief description of the institution's waste audits and other initiatives to assess its materials management efforts and identify areas for improvement:

A brief description of the institution's procurement policies designed to prevent waste (e.g. by minimizing packaging and purchasing in bulk):

A brief description of the institution's surplus department or formal office supplies exchange program that facilitates reuse of materials:

A brief description of the institution's platforms to encourage peer-to-peer exchange and reuse (e.g. of electronics, furnishings, books and other goods):
My.bw.edu maintains a frequently updated list of office equipment, electronics, furnishings, and other goods that are available to be reused or purchased at reduced cost.

A brief description of the institution's limits on paper and ink consumption (e.g. restricting free printing and/or mandating doubled-sided printing in libraries and computer labs):

A brief description of the institution's initiatives to make materials (e.g. course catalogs, course schedules, and directories) available online by default rather than printing them:

A brief description of the institution's program to reduce residence hall move-in/move-out waste:

A brief description of the institution's programs or initiatives to recover and reuse other materials intended for disposal:

The website URL where information about the programs or initiatives is available:
Additional documentation to support the submission:
Data source(s) and notes about the submission:

The information presented here is self-reported. While AASHE staff review portions of all STARS reports and institutions are welcome to seek additional forms of review, the data in STARS reports are not verified by AASHE. If you believe any of this information is erroneous or inconsistent with credit criteria, please review the process for inquiring about the information reported by an institution or simply email your inquiry to stars@aashe.org.